Academic journal article The Journal of Central Asian Studies

Peace and Conflict Studies Need and Evolution

Academic journal article The Journal of Central Asian Studies

Peace and Conflict Studies Need and Evolution

Article excerpt

The gravity of sufferings and painful life experienced by living generations after war, is evident in the war effected areas. Wars drain huge regional budgets towards defence at the cost of social security. some of the shadows of pain as a result of war is visiualised as:

Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocketfired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. The cost of one modern heavy bomber equates a modern brick school in more than 30 cities (Dwight, D. Eisenhower,1963).

It is our responsibility to stand for projection of peace, train our minds, and encourage civilized and dignified approaches of peace and conflict based on the description of reality rather than the convenience of our hearts. For centuries, democracy achieved something and has replaced the dictatorship, but has failed in bringing peaceful international relations. Social and political thinkers have explored a catalogue of theories and concepts to understand the conflict, its causes, consequences, and contexts during pre-war situations but still none have worked effectively in the abolition of wars. Peace is in transition, and has not replaced the wars and those who are engaged to develop scholarship in the universe of peace are actually working against conflicts and wars. However, wars are still on the top priorities of states; investment in strategizing wars through scientific knowledge for killing of life and destruction of its survival is still recognized as an admired profession. There are more people engaged in the development of the weapons of mass destruction rather than peace construction at institutional and organizational level. The war followers put efforts and build nuclear weapons for destruction which has rendered peace in the poor construction in the 21st century. It is high time to employ the knowledge for propagation of peace and conflict studies to divorce the conflicts and wars by investing in peace fair and development rather than warfare and destruction, particularly, keeping in view the imminent risk of a nuclear war.

Since the creation of the nation state system in 1648, there have been hundreds of wars in human history with immense loss happening in the form of millions of human deaths and damage of property worth billions. We have survived two World Wars - 1914 to 1918 and 1939 to 1945, and have lost more than 60 to 70 million people. The massive killings and destruction of these wars was expressed in the growth of peace and anti-war sentiments which appealed to the intellect of many scholars across the disciplines to initiate peaceful international relations. Their main drive was to spread the culture of peace through research and develop new perspectives on peace and conflict and explore the causes and consequences of various forms of conflict. In addition, they devised the means for constructively addressing conflict with nonviolent approaches. This has brought out a new academic discipline, known by various names as peace research, conflict analysis, conflict resolution, but commonly called peace and conflict studies PACS. In this context, the term peace is used as a basic or minimum condition for cooperation and conflict as the primary level of causes of war and violence.

Peace and conflict studies is one of the fast emerging interdisciplinary subjects in the academic universe of the 21st century. The subject is the outcome of sagacity that it is not necessary that human decisions and resources should be invested in mutual destruction by engaging millions of humans in fighting wars and killing one another. The decisions and resources should be devoted for mass construction by peaceful means of dialogues, negotiations and reconciliations. This approach is effective and productive in converting hostility into a peaceful society in national and international relations. …

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