Academic journal article Journal of Economics and Economic Education Research

An Econometric Assessment of Factors That Predict Academic Performance of Tertiary Students in Ho, Ghana

Academic journal article Journal of Economics and Economic Education Research

An Econometric Assessment of Factors That Predict Academic Performance of Tertiary Students in Ho, Ghana

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

INTRODUCTION

Education is the best legacy a nation can give to her citizens. This is because the development of any nation or community depends largely on the quality of education. Education also helps individuals to grow, develop, earn a decent living in the society and contribute positively to the welfare of the society. It is generally believed that the basis for any true development must commence with the development of human resources. Efficient human resource could also be considered a reliable tool for poverty reduction apart from its direct effect on increasing knowledge, building skills, values and attitudes and opening up people for critical thinking.

Formal or informal education continues to shape the three domains of human development. These are the cognitive, affective and the psychomotor domains. Formal education remains the vehicle for social-economic development and social mobilization in any society. Therefore, tertiary education must be of a quality that will help the individuals to acquire skills, knowledge,values and attitudes that will enable them to contribute positively to the social, economic, political and moral development of the society.

Battle and Lewis (2002) opined that higher education plays a vital role in the development of human capital, which is linked with an individual's well-being and opportunities for better living. It could also be considered to be a reliable tool for poverty reduction apart from its direct functions of increasing knowledge, building skills, values and attitudes and opening up people for critical thinking. Education is about knowledge in basic skills, academics, technical and discipline. This is possible through the measure of performance because only what can be measured will be selected and the measuring tool is the written test or exam.

Society places great emphasis on education because it is believed to be the only avenue for national development. However, this can only be achieved if students' who are in the citadel of learning get actively involved in academic activities which will enhance their academic performance. Academic performance is defined or regarded as participants' examination grades at the end of a given duration (term, semester and programme). It could also be seen as the level of performance in a particular field of study. Higher scores indicate better academic performance (Egbule, 2004). In Ghana, most tertiary institutions measure student's performance using the grade point average (GPA). This measure tells the semester-by-semester output of the students throughout the program until final CGPA, cumulative grade point average, is determined.

Ali et al., (2009) posited that students' academic performance plays an important role in producing the best quality graduates who will become great manpower and leaders for the social development of a country. The quality of students' performance remains as a top priority for educational institutions. In spite of these, Egbule (2004) showed that students' academic performance has been declining. This could be due to the fact that they are confronted with so many school and non-school related demands and responsibilities. Many educators, trainers and researchers have long been interested in exploring variables that contribute effectively to quality performance of learners. Some researchers posited that the variables that affect quality academic achievement are inside and outside school (Crosnoe, Johnson & Elder, 2004).

Luguterah and Apaw (2013) determined the factors that influence students' academic performance in Ghanaian Polytechnics. Their findings revealed that students' academic performance is affected by a change in academic levels. Thus a given semester and age of students have a negative effect on the academic performance of the students as they tend to perform poorly with increasing number of credit hours and increased age. …

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