Academic journal article Journal of Economics and Economic Education Research

Demographic Potential as Objects of Research of Social Geography

Academic journal article Journal of Economics and Economic Education Research

Demographic Potential as Objects of Research of Social Geography

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

INTRODUCTION

One of the important areas of socio-economic development, achieve competitive advantage in a globalized world is a rational and efficient use of the resource potential of the area. This is the basis which is based on economic activity, formed territorial structure of production and population settlement, the interaction of natural and social components. Given the limited financial resources, reduce macroeconomic effectiveness of internal controls is a major area of potential resource development of regions (Rubtzov, Rozhko, Gabdrakhmanov et ah, 2015). One of the main components of the integral capacity territory is demographic potential.

TOPICALITY

The demographic development as part of social development, including social and economic transformation of society and the resulting parameters of these processes have traditionally characterized by ambiguity directions of development. In differentiating of phenomenon of demographic development on the positive and negative impact with an appropriate arsenal affect specific measures. In terms of demographic potential formation is important to understand that the best demographic development model is most real (Segida, Kostrikov, 2013). Formulated the question in this way has fundamental in nature and requires analysis and detection methodologies to study the demographic potential of the region.

METHOD

To solve the problems we have identified methodological approaches, selected a number of methods and techniques that can be used in social and geographical research to determine the demographic potential.

At the present level of understanding of the importance of demographic factors in social and economic development during the regional demographic research reinforced the relevance of the study of demographic processes not in isolation but in direct connection with the various factors relevant processes in society, that is, with the system approach (Niemets, Segida, Kobylin, 2014). Its essence lies in the fact that all objects of research, events and processes are considered as integral entities - systems that are in constant development, and all their elements are interconnected, interrelated and interdependent. Each system operates in an environment that affect, its internal processes through the action of direct and indirect factors.

Relatively new is the synergistic approach, the essence of which is the study of selforganization and formation of new ordered structures. The subject of the study provided a synergistic approach is spontaneous mechanisms of formation and preservation of complex systems, including those in a state of stable disequilibrium with the environment, which is the demographic potential of the region (Niemets, Segida, Niemets, 2012).

Modern information approach is the essence of which is that the study of any object, process or phenomena in nature and society are above all the most characteristic aspects of the information for him. Note that almost all the processes and phenomena have a knowledge base. In turn, the information content is the bearer of all the processes in nature and society, as existing in nature and society relationships are for informational purposes (Niemets, Segida, Pogrebskyi, Barylo, 2015).

In research the region demographic potential, the following general scientific methods, dialectic, comparison and analogy, analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, abstract logic, ordering, graphic, historical and retrospective, mathematical and statistical modeling, synthesis and more (Niemets, Segida, Niemets, 2012).

RESULT

The term "potential" is widespread in models of biological, social and economic sciences in different interpretations. Since the mid XIX - early XX century scientific revolution was introduced various "potential", reflecting different aspects of demographic system. In modern literature there is not specific demographic potential defaults. …

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