Academic journal article Journal of Economics and Economic Education Research

Methodological Base of Urban Agglomerations and Their Suburban Areas

Academic journal article Journal of Economics and Economic Education Research

Methodological Base of Urban Agglomerations and Their Suburban Areas

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

The study of integrated territorial development in Russia becomes more actual due to the intention to establish a nationwide system of interconnected strategies, schemes and programs of the federal, regional and local significance; the necessity to improve the legal framework which leads to the development of regions and municipalities; and the revival of the physical planning system in consequence of the adoption of a new Town Planning Code of the Russian Federation.

All these developments are extremely necessary to improve the economic efficiency, standards of living, the conditions for the market activity and investment process. Territorial Administration mechanism should provide the expanded reproduction of material production on innovative basis and in total with the population reproduction and environment improvement.

Objective: to define the theoretical and methodological basis of complexation in the development of urban agglomerations and their suburban areas under market conditions.

The objective is achieved by solving following tasks:

- the methodology development for studying urban agglomerations and their suburban areas development;

- the development of theoretical basis in integrated socio-economic development in urban agglomerations and their suburban areas;

- the definition of the basic territorial forms of complexation, the criteria for their selection and factors of the complex social and economic development in urban agglomerations and their suburban areas;

- the systematization of methods of the territorial structure isolation in urban agglomerations and their suburban areas;

- the definition of characteristics and the main directions of the complex social and economic development in urban agglomerations and their suburban areas (on the example of Krasnoyarsk agglomeration).

Scientific novelty of research:

- the point of urban agglomerations and suburban areas concept has been defined and represented in the unity of production, social sector, human capital, natural and environmental components;

- complexation basis has been defined, in particular, isolation of functional and environmental identical elements and combining them into urban agglomerations and their suburban areas (complexes - clusters), according to the centrality and peripherality of their development; gradation in the construction of public services and facilities; mainly radial-hexagonal building of environmental planning structure;

- data on the definition of the urban agglomerations and suburban areas territorial structure has been systematized;

- the main directions of complex social and economic development of urban agglomerations and suburban areas (on the example of Krasnoyarsk agglomeration) have been defined.

REVIEW

Russian and foreign scientists-regionalists mainly studied the distribution of productive forces and resettlement, resource, economic and geographic factors of regions and cities development, zoning, creation of clusters in development areas and industrial zones (Lappo, 1992). However, there were no specific studies of complexation in agglomerations and suburban zones development, considering the transition to an economic innovative model, strengthening of human potential factors as well as environment, and a combination of functional and environmental structures.

Agglomerations and suburb territorial structure research has become widespread in the postwar period. Researchers from the EU and the USA established the theoretical basis, introduced the concept of peripheral zones in large agglomerations. These zones are the platform for scientific innovation and production capacity of the leading multinational corporations and upgraded innovative industries; wholesale and retail trade, so-called moles, storage facilities, management, various consulting and service centers, logistics centers, banks and other types of businesses (Mills, 1993). …

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