Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

The Relationship between Tendency to Deviant Behaviour and Level of Subjective Control and Anticipational Consistency in Schoolchildren

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

The Relationship between Tendency to Deviant Behaviour and Level of Subjective Control and Anticipational Consistency in Schoolchildren

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

The concept of deviant behavior, which is defined as a system of actions contrary to accepted social norms and manifested in the form of imbalance of mental processes, non-adaptability, impaired self-actualization process or avoidance of moral and aesthetic control over their own behavior, is traditionally applied since adolescence. Psychological approach considers deviant behavior in connection with the intrapersonal conflict, destruction and self-destruction of the individual. The essence of deviant behavior lies in blocking of personal growth, which is a consequence and sometimes even the aim of deviant behavior. Deviants, in accordance with this approach, consciously or unconsciously seek to destroy their own self-worth, deprive themselves their own uniqueness, keep them out of the implementation of their potential. Main studies of deviancy in adolescence are conducted within the framework of differential psychology, which studies the character as a component of personality, and as clinical psychology that considers the pathological development of a character. Various classifications of deviations - sociological and psychological - peculiar to adolescents, as well as various typologies of character accentuation and psychopathy have been developed. The accentuated or pathological character as an integral formation, representing the complex structure of emotional and volitional, motivational, communication features, is considered as a determinant of propensities for specific types of deviations. A large number of empirical studies is devoted to the relation of deviations to the features of the parent-child and marital relations, family education and family situation in general, school disadaptation associated with insufficient formation of educational activity and educational communication, the relationships with peers, the definition of subject characteristics and deviant behavior and other psychological, and social and psychological factors (Artemyeva, 2015). We proceeded from the assumption that the imperfection of anticipation mechanisms and the external locus of subjective control play an important role in the formation of deviant behavior of pupils.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

To achieve this objective, we have applied methods such as a questionnaire "The tendency to deviant behavior"; a questionnaire "The level of subjective control"; and the anticipation consistency test (Abitov, 2015).

The study involved 279 people - 119 male, and 160 female. These were the pupils from secondary and upper secondary schools of Russia aging 12 to 18 years. (Artemyeva and Nigmatullina, 2015).

PROCEDURE

Testing was conducted on a voluntary basis and individually. A pupil was consistently presented with the tests, and had to independently write the answers into the form.

RESULTS

The Structural Organization of the Studied Parameters in Schoolchildren

The test results are shown in Figure 1.

The structure includes only those indicators that show the relationship with other indicators at the significance level equal to p<0.01.

The tendency to overcoming of the rules and regulations is associated with the internality in terms of health and disease (r= - 0.204), general internality (r= - 0.187), and internality in family relations (r= - 0.176). The tendency to self-injurious and self-destructive behavior is associated with the internality in health and disease (r= - 0.187); tendency to aggression and violence is due to the internality in health and disease (r= - 0.21), in family relations (r= - 0.184), in the field of achievements (r = -0.183), in the area of interpersonal relationships (r= - 0.177), and in the area of failures (r= -0.17). Volitional control of emotional reactions is associated with spatial AC (r= - 0.185); the tendency to delinquent behavior is associated with the internality in terms of health and disease (r= - 0.206), general internality (r= - 0.16), and internality in family relations (r= - 0. …

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