Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Communicative Properties of the Personality and Cultural Congruence at Younger School Age

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Communicative Properties of the Personality and Cultural Congruence at Younger School Age

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Studying at school, the younger school student appears in a unification situation when the single requirements regulated by the regulations established in culture are imposed on all children. In this case the situation containing a cultural regulation assumes compliance to the rule which is standard within culture (Bayanova and Tsivilskaya, 2014).

Within N. E. Veraksa's concept "the standard situation" is determined as "a standard situation of social interaction in which social behavior rules" are rather precisely determined (Veraksa, 2000).

D. Kanter allocates the following situations where everyday life (Canter, 1986) proceeds, and, therefore, regulations and rules of conduct of the person are implemented there: house, workplace (school), public associations (circles, sections), public places (museums, cafe, park).

The psychology in case of the child's research in a standard situation is designed to reveal how the child differentiates the rule in a situation as he builds the attitude towards him as far as at the child internal installation (disposition) in relation to the shown regulation is created (Bayanova and Mustafin, 2016). The concept "cultural congruence" determines degree of compliance of the child of a standard situation. The adult broadcasting the rules set by culture is capable to make assessment of cultural congruence of the younger school student (Bayanova and Mustafin, 2013).

The research conducted by group of scientists abroad showed positive results concerning the aspiration of children to meet the standards reigning in group:

Professors of L. Ross, R. E. Nisbett claim that the context of a situation in which we appear significantly influences our behavior (Ross, 2011).

The same thought is developed by Ap Dijksterhuis, claiming that situational regulations represent interrelation of the environment and standard behavior, and it means that the environment automatically directs standard behavior (Ap Dijksterhuis, 2003).

By scientists of K. L. Mulvey, A. Hitti, A. Rutland, etc. it was revealed that younger school students, communicating with each other, create the groups having moral or cultural beliefs, visit of one educational institution, and also a sex in the basis. With age children showed a big capability independently to make the decision, irrespective of the regulations reigning in group. (Mulvey et al., 2014).

Discrepancy to rules in a standard situation can lead to an exception of social groups (Tsivilskaya, 2015). Scientists of M. Killen, J. Lee-Kim, etc. are convinced that the exception of social groups is a source of the conflict, a stress and tension in public life (Killen et al., 2003).

The Russian researchers note that the aspiration to meet social norms at younger school students is rather big regardless of specifics of the educational environment (Ulanova, 2009).

A. K. Pashchenko in the researches revealed the following features of a standard situation of younger school students (Pashchenko, 2010):

Among younger school students there are high-status students who mastered the regulations offered by teachers. Some of them appear in a situation of search of an opportunity to implement themselves, others realizes the needs for the limits of behavior determined by adults. Middle-status students are characterized by shift in perception of a standard situation from impulsive behavior to standard. Low-status students are characterized by not inclusiveness in general activities, group regulations for them aren't significant.

At younger school age there are profound changes in psychological shape of the child; various spheres of his mentality develop. We made an attempt to research communicative properties of the identity of younger school students depending on compliance degree children of a standard situation.

ORGANIZATION AND METHODS OF A RESEARCH

1) Research students of the second, third and fourth classes of comprehensive schools of Kazan and Chistopol have taken part. …

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