Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Content-Analysis Confounding Factors in Sport Activities of Powerlifters

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Content-Analysis Confounding Factors in Sport Activities of Powerlifters

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

The sports career of the athlete directly depends on effective training activity and a successful performance at competitions. These provisions are fundamental for any kind of sport. The successful result of the athlete at competitions is a set of many components, including psychological preparation. Now the sports psychology as independent scientific discipline takes the priority place in career of the athlete. Absence of the qualified psychologist in team imposes certain obligations and powers on the trainer. In turn, shortage of specialized scientific and methodical literature and practical recommendations for trainers in questions of psychological assistance and support when training the athlete in concrete sport is observed.

The Olympic sports (Martin, J. 2012; Gould, D. and Maynard, I., 2009; Pensgaard, A.M. and Ursin, H., 1998) become an urgent subject for scientific research. Subjects of not Olympic sports unfairly remain unattended. Recently interest of sports psychologists is attracted by rather young sport - powerlifting. Popularity, keen interest and recognition of powerlifting by the International Olympic Committee as sport forms a certain status of this sports discipline. The powerlifting is a power sport in which qualification of the athlete is determined by three exercises with a bar: squats, a press lying and deadlift. In spite of the fact that the I World Cup in the International Powerlifting Federation (IPF) version has been organized in 1972, now the powerlifting has big popularity (for example, 77 participating female from 24 countries and 112 participating male from 31 countries in the World Cup, Luxembourg, 09-15.11.2015).

The organization and realization of sports activity of the athlete is a labor-consuming and laborious work of a great number of experts. Sports training of the athlete was beyond physical long ago. The special provision of powerlifting defines need of complex and detailed studying of athletes. The powerlifting as a subject of a psychological research is presented by consideration of psychological types of students powerlifters (Tobacyk, J., K. Hilgenkamp, B.J. Talton and Livingston, M.M., 2006) and when studying an emotional state before a competition (Jensen, A.M., 2010). Also the interrelation between competitive uneasiness and productivity for powerlifters is defined (Judge, L.W., Urbina L., Hoover, D.L., Craig, B. et al., 2016).

"Examining issues concerning confounding factors within a particular sport provides a possibility to create a perfect training model for the athlete who is aimed at a high result" (Ljdokova, G.M., Ismailova, N.I., Panfilov, A.N. and Kaviev, A.F., 2015). The distress factors "interfere with optimum realization by athletes of motive tasks and psychological functions" (Gabov M. V., Martemyanov Y. G., Zinkevich D. A., 2007). In this regard, it should be noted that "the distress factors are the hindrances interfering achievement of high sports results" (Volkova, K.R., Ldokov, G.M., 2016). The purpose of the real research - definition of the priority distress factors in sports activity on the basis of the content analysis of statements of male powerlifters and female powerlifters.

RESEARCH METHODS

The analysis of scientific literature on a research problem, observation, poll, the content analysis have been used as methods for this work.

To carry out the qualitative analysis of the distress factors among powerlifters, we have studied comments of athletes and have correlated them to empirical results of our previous researches (Ljdokova, G.M., Razzhivin, O.A. and Volkova, K.R., 2014; Ljdokova, G.M., Ismailova, N.I., Panfilov, A.N. and Kaviev, A.F., 2015) on definition of priority positions of the distress factors in training and competitive activities.

Taking into account the results of a research received earlier we have organized oral and written poll of the leading Russian athletes-powerlifters (n = 31; men of n = 14, women of n = 17). …

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