Academic journal article The Indonesian Journal of Geography

Model Development on Awareness of Education for Sustainable Schools Development in Malaysia

Academic journal article The Indonesian Journal of Geography

Model Development on Awareness of Education for Sustainable Schools Development in Malaysia

Article excerpt

1.Introduction

Sustainability is a main agenda of the world. UNESCO [2010] has taken the initiative to implement the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development 2005-2014 (DefSD). Even the sustainability efforts of sustainable development has become a common agenda in many agencies, such as government agencies, non-governmental agencies and private agencies to increase knowledge and awareness of issues related to sustainable development. Basically, the concept of sustainable development, explains that, development is carried out to meet the needs of the current world's population without compromising the needs of future world population [WCED, 1987]. Awareness of the importance and the need for information regarding environmental issues has led to more initiatives taken by related organizations to initiate sustainable development programs for various target groups. Sustainable development is seen as one of the most modern development ideas proactive and practical to address the development needs as well as conservation of the environment [Fien, 1995; Hopkins & McKeown, 2002; Huckle, 2009; Hazura, 2009; Joshi, 2009; Moroye, 2005; Sterling, 2004; Scoullos & Malotidi, 2004], The world began to worry about the exploitation issue of the environment, economic growth and deterioration in quality of life [Omar, 2005], In fact, unplanned development activities and neglecting the environmental aspects are also threatening the needs of the next generation, There is no question to how serious this situation is and how it will have an impact on survival, sustainability, civilization and prosperity [Laily, 2009],

An increase in understanding and awareness of the environment are two important elements in building the national capacity towards sustainable development [Dimitrova, 2014; Yeoh, 2005] Sustainable education is capable of generating changes in the mentality of the community in improving the quality of life [Firth & Smith, 2013; Lampa, Greculescu & Todorescu, 2013], In Malaysia, study revealed that students who receive early exposure in the field of environmental education has failed to show awareness and commitment to environmental issues, in which the overall is still at a low level [Aini, Laily & Sharifah, 2009; Arba'at, Kamsiah & Susan, 2009; Fatimah, Norliza & Salhayatin, 2011; Zohir, 2009], Therefore, this study attempts to develop a Structural Equation Model on awareness of Education for Sustainable Development for students in an effort to promote "whole school approach" to expose to this sustainability.

There are many definitions and interpretations given to explain the concept of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). Definition given by UNESCO through Monitoring & Evaluating Decade of Education for Sustainable Development, refers to a process of learning (or teaching approach) based on the principles that underlying sustainability at all levels and forms of education [UNESCO, 2009]. Geiser [2006]pointed out that ESD should involve components consisting environmental awareness towards ecosystem and natural resources, importance and limitations, the threat of human activities on ecosystem and building the skills of monitoring, analysis and involvement.

Education for sustainable development also refers to learning that is needed to maintain and improve the quality of life for future generations [Ghani & Aziah, 2007]. Rohaty [2005] defines ESD as a way towards a better life for the present generation and the future. It is a dynamic process that requires each individual recognizing their own potentials and improving the quality of life. Zohir [2003] saw ESD as an educational mission to find a balance between human welfare and economic development with cultural traditions and respect for natural resources. Mazlin [2004] defines ESD as learning to understand human interaction with the environment and how the environment is managed wisely and responsibly towards sustainability of life on Earth. …

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