Academic journal article The Indonesian Journal of Geography

Regional Resource Management Based on Landscape Ecology in Northern Muria Peninsula, Central Java

Academic journal article The Indonesian Journal of Geography

Regional Resource Management Based on Landscape Ecology in Northern Muria Peninsula, Central Java

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

The concept of ecological landscapes or geoecology can be applied in various fields. This concept is widely used in inventory and resource management in countries of Europe and America. However, this concept has not been widely used in Indonesia. This concept can integrate the various components of the environment and its spatial aspects so as to provide the results of a comprehensive analysis. This concept can be used to identify potential areas based on the physical, biological and socio-cultural [Mardiatno, 2002; Sultanisah, 2007]. Management of areas with this concept can maintain ecosystem function study area. Resource management in Indonesia still partial and override environmental aspects. Therefore, it is important to do a study of landscape ecology or geoecology in Indonesia.

Landscape ecology is the study of the structure, function and dynamics on a stretch of heterogeneous containing ecosystem interactions. Landscape ecology focuses on connectivity and interaction between the forest (vegetation) in the expanse of the earth and the effects of natural and human disturbances to the landscape. Because man became one of the dominant biology, ecology landscape much focus on the interaction between humans and the biosphere components [Forman and Godron, 1986]. Landscape ecology is a concept that connects every component in the environment both physical components, biological and human. Landscape ecology the basis for environmental studies [Fandeli and Muhammad, 2009].

Factors controlling the landscape changed in recent decades. Formerly the composition of the landscape is strongly influenced by the physical component. But with the increase of population and road network resulted in increasing landscape heterogeneity. Landscape in the world are experiencing significant changes due to the influence of social factors (economic, technological, cultural, demographic, and history) as well as biophysical factors (eg geology, soils and hydrology) [Dikou, et al, 2011].

Muria Peninsula is one area that has distinctive characteristics in Java. Muria peninsula consists of three main landscapes, there are the Volcanic Landscape, Marine, and Fluvial. Muria peninsula formed from volcanic seafloor. As a result of the appointment process, the seabed volcano becomes an island of volcanoes [Wibowo, et al, 2008]. Muria Volcano Island provides a good substrate for coral reefs. Muria volcano and volcanic Genuk been inactive though it still holds the potential volcanic activity [McBirney, et al, 2003]. Process developed at this time is the process of erosion by the flow of the river that forms the fluvial landscape.

Northern Muria peninsula has a type of volcanic coasts. Landscape in the northern part of the Muria Peninsula is not much affected by sedimentation processes such as in the southern part of that legacy / former process of the past can still be observed [Sunarto, 2004]. Past the former process, among others, the basaltic lava rocks, fossils of marine life and marine notch formations that can show the dynamics of sea level in the ice age and interglacial.

Northern Muria Peninsula covers an area of Muria volcano to the north coast and the island of Mandalika. Drastic changes in topography lead to differences in microclimate. Microclimate may affect the type and distribution of flora / fauna endemic. In this region there is a nature reserve and protected forest Celering Mount Muria volcano. Serves as a nature reserve conservation area flora and fauna. Most of the area was superbly turned into a nature preserve agricultural land as a result of looting [BKSDA Jateng, 2009]. Banyumanis village and Ujungwatu, Donorojo Subdistrict previously been studied and designed to be the location of the project site a nuclear power plant but opposed by residents and can not be implemented until today. This area has not been studied so not much is known characteristics. A thorough research about the resource potential can be used for decision making in the management of the area in the northern part of the Muria Peninsula. …

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