Academic journal article Global Media Journal

An Image of the Future and the Algorithms of Social Mobility of Young People in Modern Russia

Academic journal article Global Media Journal

An Image of the Future and the Algorithms of Social Mobility of Young People in Modern Russia

Article excerpt

Introduction

The successful development of any society is determined by its social dynamics, the speed of social movements, the availability and efficacy of social mobility, movement and growth of human capital and social capital. The theme of social mobility is relevant not only for Russia but for the other countries, being in the full sense of the global issue. The modern world is at the stage of "redefinition of the situation" the structure of the economy and policy priorities are fundamentally changing, the image of the future of the national states is transforming. The realization of a new social future is linked to the transformation of economic systems in the developing countries, coupled with the transition to new technological basis.

In Russia in recent years there is a popular issue to discuss that is connected with a new, fourth wave of industrialization of the economy. The principal changes are also related to the economy structure management, social and other spheres which influence on the forms and processes of social mobility. In the industrial period of social development some definite programs (algorithms) of social mobility were fixed on the societal level and at the level of the life trajectories of individual social actors, the new post-industrial stage supposes completely different programs. Projecting the problem of the algorithms of social mobility in Russia, the complex nature of this process should be noted, taking into consideration the effects of the transition period. The main purpose of this article is to explore the possibilities and prospects of social mobility of modern Russian youth, the rate, the channels, the contents of social mobility. It is intended to develop a model and typology of strategies of social mobility taking into account the specifics of Russian social reality.

The empirical part of the project is implemented in the Tyumen region and represents a conglomerate of different types of cultures (alien and indigenous); new and traditional type of management; transformations of the social structure and the rapid growth of human capital. The novelty of the approach consists in the attempt to identify the connection between the selection of the social mobility algorithm and the content of the image of the future of the representatives within the lifespan of one Russian generation. The influence of the image of the future on the choice of the life strategies is connected with the essence of the Russian mentality, for many generations the image of a fair social order, prosperity and greatness of the country remained the most effective motive of the choice of a personal life way. So, we have pointed out the following goals in our study:

- Identification of socio-cultural and institutional characteristics of the strategies development and algorithms of social mobility at the macro level of the Russian society;

- The social mobility of the new generation algorithms' typology development, taking into account the specifics of Russian social reality;

- Personal and social perspectives priorities identification in the image of the future of today's youth.

Based on these indicators, we have identified and described different types of strategies of social mobility, in the course of the empirical research their bearers have been examined.

Literature Review

A classic basis of mobility processes study is a conflictological approach of K. Marx [1], where the basis of every social movement is the relationship to the means of production, i.e. property. In the conception of M. Weber [2] the criteria quantity of social mobility is greatly expanded, primarily due to the introduction of the basic criterion - the relation to the power. The common for both theories is the emphasis on social stratification and mobility in the wider socio-political context. The classics of sociology, M. Weber, K. Marx didn't develop a theory of social mobility specially, but their concepts can still act as a basis for understanding of these processes in society. …

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