Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Expert Analysis of the Competitive Level of Young Russian Judo Athletes Who Train for Active Attack Fighting

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Expert Analysis of the Competitive Level of Young Russian Judo Athletes Who Train for Active Attack Fighting

Article excerpt

Introduction

Nowadays judo is one of the most popular combat sports among the population of the Russian Federation [Bliznevsky, Kudryavtsev, Iermakov, & Jagiello, 2016; Osipov, 2016; Osipov, Saparov, & Shubin, 2016; Pankov, V.A., 2003). To our great disappointment though, specialists have been reporting a decline in the performance of the Russian judo contestants taking part in major European and World Championships or Class A Tournaments. As Tel'uk S.I. noted, there is a clear downward trend in the number of medals won by the Russian athletes in international competitions in comparison to the results of 3-4 years ago (Tel'uk, S.I.,2014). According to various Russian specialists, this situation was caused by both rather dramatic revisions in judo competition rules and failure of the Russian athletes to match their foreign counterparts in the tactical mastery to conduct a bout. Osipov's study showed that the recent changes in the competition rules hinder the judo contestants from Russia and CIS from relying fully on their strong points in bouts (advantage in physical strength, throws using leg grabs and belt grips, etc.) (Osipov, 2014; Osipov, Pazenko, Shubin, Vapaeva, & Fedorova, 2014). The author also notes that quite often Russian judo contestants get defeated to a greater extent because of the shido given by referees rather than as a result of their rivals' successful technical moves. One bright example could be the bout of Alexander Mikhaylin against the German judoka Andreas Toelzer during the 2013 World Judo Championship in Brazil. The Russian athlete lost the bronze medal bout because of the great number of shido, even though earlier he had regularly beaten the German judoka. Alexander Mikhaylin himself was rather sceptical about the revised rules and believes that it was the changing of the competition rules that had a major impact on his defeat (Mikhaylin, 2013). Yerzhan Bayzhumanov, the national judo team coach of Kazakhstan, in his comment about the revised rules, stated that they were artificially introduced only to put the Asian and European judo schools in a more favourable position at the same time disadvantaging athletes from the former USSR. Poor performance of the Kazakh judo athletes, in his opinion, has been largely to do with the so-called leg-ban, i.e. bear hug grips or leg grabs, leg attacks or any kinds of leg takedowns (Kazakhstan judo wrestlers criticized the new rules). At the same time, it is worth noting that the rule changes of this sort were widely welcomed by many overseas specialists, primarily by the Japanese. For example, M. Tamura goes with the ban on the grips involving the pants or legs because he believes these grips are at odds with the principles of classical judo (Tamura, et al, 2012). In any case, the changes were introduced into the competition rules and now force our judo athletes into looking for new tactical patterns to conduct competition bouts. It is also worth pointing out that overseas authors have been long calling for the search of new tactical approaches to fighting (Adam, Klimovicz, & Pujszo, 2016; Daniel, L., & Daniel, R., 2013; Dopico, Iglesias-Soler, & Carballeira, 2014; Miarka, et al., 2016; Mihaylescu, Rata, & Sava, 2011). L. Bocioaca argues that in today's competitive judo level result determined by the quality of technical and tactical actions of an athlete L. Bocioaca claims that contemporary judo has it that the level of competitive results is defined by the quality of the athlete's technical and tactical actions (Bocioaca, 2014). According to P.V. Trutnev, contemporary judo is becoming a more and more aggressive and up-tempo (highly dynamic) combat sport, which, in turn, requires that the athletes improve the quality of their physical, technical and tactical preparation (Trutnev, 2006).However, the success of any top judo athlete's competitive activity depends largely on their individuality that shows in their style of fighting (signature moves and a wide range of tactical and technical actions), claims V. …

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