Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Efficacy of Using Isometric Exercises to Prevent Basketball Injuries

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Efficacy of Using Isometric Exercises to Prevent Basketball Injuries

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

Introduction

Practising basketball is always fraught with the probability of injury. This is primarily due to the presence of scrambling, collisions, increased muscular tension and physiological stresses during competitions. An injury is tissue or body organ damage resulting from any external impact. An injury can be caused by either a single strong or insignificant impact or a repeated impact on a particular muscle group [9, 10].

In modern basketball, there are new trends in improving the techniques of general physical preparation of athletes and players' injury prevention. During general physical training, the basis of basketball players' endurance is formed, ligaments and muscles are strengthened and the mechanisms for preventing injuries during competitions are formed. However, in this study, the analysis of injuries in student basketball teams revealed a number of unsolved problems related to injury prevention. The level of physical fitness of athletes on student basketball teams prevents the use of many game tactics. Due to the high number of injuries to basketball starting-lineup players, substitutes, whose fitness level is much lower than that of the starters, very often play for the team. It was found that the student basketball team of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University failed to solve the task of injury prevention in the 2014 season. The team with the best player selection finished only fourth in the Russian student championship due to the high injury rate in its basketball starters. This fact points to the unsolved problem of injury prevention among team players.

Studies conducted in recent years by the leading Russian and foreign experts in the field of basketball found that isometric exercises, properly used in the system of general physical preparation, significantly strengthens athletes' ligaments and reduces the risk of injury [3]. However, there is a lack of research that examines the integration of isometric exercises in the system of general physical preparation of student team basketball players to prevent injuries.

Materials and methods

To achieve the goals set in the study, the following methods of research were used: a questionnaire, an interview, a survey; a study of the dynamics of basketball players' physical fitness and performance during competitions; an assessment of student team basketball players' physical characteristics (physical fitness, functional state of the body and physical development); psychological testing of basketball players; educational experiment; statistical processing of the obtained data.

All subjects understood the purpose of this study and provided written informed consent prior to participation in the study in accordance with the ethical standard of the Declaration of Helsinki.

Questionnaires, interviews and surveys were used to study the training programs and sports activities of basketball players, the characteristics of the general physical training organisation, the dynamics of players' performance and the structure of general physical preparation management in the student basketball team of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University.

Basketball players' physical fitness and performance were studied by special control tests, observation, timing, paired comparison and analysis of the current results of the team in St. Petersburg championship and other competitions.

Physical fitness tests were carried out to assess the level of physical fitness and special qualities development, as well as to analyse the impact of methods and means of general physical preparation on basketball players' motor skills to reduce injuries.

To assess basketball players' functional status, rapid assessment and the criteria for functional state assessment were used. In addition, the results of the samples, using a breath-holding test (Stange-Genchi samples), were determined; fatigue index was calculated; tapping test and tremorography were carried out. …

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