Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Psycho-Physiological Characteristics of Female Basketball Players with Hearing Problems as the Basis for the Technical Tactic Training Methodic in World Level Teams

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Psycho-Physiological Characteristics of Female Basketball Players with Hearing Problems as the Basis for the Technical Tactic Training Methodic in World Level Teams

Article excerpt

Introduction

At modern stage of world society elite sports is an integral part of life activity of any country. Sports impacts way of people's life, dictates fashion, influences on national relations, social position, ethic values. Of special importance sports practicing is for people with different problems in physical condition. For person with physical problems sports help to cultivate confidence in own potentials and forces. Disabled sportsmen defend interests of their countries at the largest international competitions. That is why working out of technologies for training of disabled sportsmen is of special importance. Such approaches shall, on the one hand, coincide with technologies of healthy sportsmen's training and, on the other hand, differ.

As on to day, there has been a number of scientific researches, in which problems of training and competition functioning of healthy sportsmen are regarded (Aziz, Chia, Singh, & Wahid 2011; Adashevskiy et al. 2014; Podrigalo, Iermakov, NoskoGalashko, & Galashko, 2015; Iermakov, Arziutov, & Jagie33o, 2016). In a number of works (Bogdanis, Bogdanis, Ziagos, Anastasiadis, & Maridaki, 2007; Ringuet-Riot, Hahn, & James, 2013; Singh & Agashe, 2015) content of physical and psychological training as well as structure of female basketball players' fitness were studied. In other works, devoted to basketball players' technical tactic training, training programs for increase of sportsmanship are offered (Muller, 2007; Bogdanis et al. 2007; Barybina, Kozina, Tikhenko, & Tolstobrov, 2009; Martínez & Tindale, 2015; Kozina, Repko, Ionova, Boychuk, & Korobeinik, 2016).

Some authors offer to use non traditional rehabilitation means for restoration of sportsmen's functional state (Aziz et al., 2012; Kudryavtsev, Kramida, & Iermakov, 2016; Zhanneta, Irina, Tatyana, Olena, Olena, & Anna, 2015). Other authors determined physical and functional reasons of traumatism and effectiveness of complex methodic application for female basketball players' rehabilitation after traumas (Kopylov et al., 2015; Namdari, Scott, Milby, Baldwin, & Lee, 2011) and basketball players (Zheleznyj, Zasik, & Mukhin, 2013).

Kozina (2015) worked out theoretical conception of training process individualization in sports. The conception implies marking out of leading factors in individual structure of sportsmen's fitness. They developed also algorithm of sportsmen distribution into groups for formation of tactic tasks in game team kinds of sports with the help of multi-dimensional analysis. One more aspect of this conception is analysis of regularities and prognosis of competition efficiency's individual dynamic. This conception can be used both for healthy and disabled sportsmen (Barybina et al. 2009). The offered by the authors approach to sportsmen distribution into groups is confirmed by other works (Mukherjee & Chi,a, 2013; Ivashchenko et al., 2015a, 2015b).

In other research potential game roles of sportswomen and fitness structure of players were specified. The authors used hierarchic cluster analysis of physical, physiological and psycho-physiological testing indicators (Kopeikina, Drogomeretsky, Kondakov, Kovaleva, & Iermakov, 2016). It was shown that sportswomen's individual characteristics and their game roles are not connected exclusively with anthropometrical indicators. They also depend on a number of other physiological and psycho-physiological characteristics. Such indicators confidently differ in players of different game roles. This conception is acceptable also for sportsmen with hearing problems.

In other work (Kozina, Sobko, Kolomiec, Jagiello, & Jagiello, 2014) realization of individualization approach in team of basketball players with hearing problem was described. Pedagogic tests, functional tests, bio-chemical and psycho-physiological indicators for determination of general and individual fitness structure were realized. …

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