Academic journal article The Indonesian Journal of Geography

Change Phenomena of Spatial Physical in the Dynamics of Development in Urban Fringe Area

Academic journal article The Indonesian Journal of Geography

Change Phenomena of Spatial Physical in the Dynamics of Development in Urban Fringe Area

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

Hertasning-Samata area is in the urban fringe of Makassar City which is directly connected with Mamminasata Metropolitan area. This direct connection is, especially, with urban region of Sungguminasa City, Gowa Regency.

It is identified that the fringe area of Hertasning- Samata faces rapid and revolutionary spatial physical changes, and it is designated by spatial function shiftin this area for year period of 2004- 2014. Spatial utilization shiftin the fringe area of Hertasning-Samata is designated by land use conversion from productive farm land to residential area at a huge scale, education, office complex, shopping complex, services, hotels, and other commercial economic activities. This spatial function shifthas an impact on spatial structure change, and it associates positively to social structure change in community who live in the fringe area of Hertasning-Samata. Social structure change in community of fringe area of Hertasning- Samata was initiated by orientation change to the activity of local community. Formerly, most of them worked as farmer, then it changes into urban industrial activity. Changing local community's orientation indicates changes of social order, social system, production organization system, and cultural pattern in community. The community was agrarian, and it turns to be urban industrial, heterogeneous, and multicultural community. It means that values and tradition of agricultural community has been replaced by value system of urban industrial community.

Spatial function shiftin fringe area of Hertasning-Samata is characterized by linear spatial physical development, where the center point forms concentric spatial distribution pattern. This new formation is collectively becoming one with the existence of new residential area built up by developer. There are two factors that drive this process, they are: first, the presence of main road corridor in Hertasning-Samata which connects, second, the presence of the Islamic State University of Alaudin, in Samata, shopping centers, and large scale residential area construction. The two factors are embryo that directly creates agglomeration and deagglomeration of function in fringe area of Hertasning-Samata, Makassar City and surrounding urban area within Mamminasata Metropolitan.

Accellerated development in fringe area of Hertasning-Samata, Makassar City within Mamminasata Metropolitan is driven by spatial physical change and the existence of Hertasning- Samata road corridor which built up during 2004- 2008 to connect Makassar City and Gowa Regency. This process has direct impact on increasing flow of goods and passengers compared to former flow. Accordingly, it becomes driving force of dynamic of development in fringe area of Hertasning- Samata. This indication is observable from decreasing farm land area sizes that were conversed into urban activities. Spatial utilization shiftin fringe area of Hertasning-Samata is so significant that is designated by some developing urban functions. They are (1) large scale residential construction that occupies land area size around 752.83 Ha, (2) commercial and shopping center functions in an area of 11.12 Ha, (3) education function that occupies 35.59 Ha, (4) services and hotels that occupy 0.87 Ha. Besides, in the aspect of transportation infrastructure (road network), it was only 1.7 km, and it is 5.06 km today. Further, population is growing too that it was only 117,625 people in 2004-2008, and it grows up to 181,372 people during 2012-2014; simply put, population increase is 63,747 people. This population increase signifies high urbanization and migration flow moving to fringe area of Hertasning-Samata, and it indicates suburbanization that occurs from time to time. The meaning there of spatial physical change that occurs rapidly and revolutionary becomes driving force of means of production to reproduction of space. It is predictable that the scale will be increasing over time. …

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