Academic journal article The Journal of Educational Research

Link between Personality Traits and Procrastination among University Students

Academic journal article The Journal of Educational Research

Link between Personality Traits and Procrastination among University Students

Article excerpt

Introduction

Students instill a variety of experiences in academic settings that manipulate their perceptions and behavior over their academic performances. One of the most essential concerns in the field of educational psychology is to challenge to recognize why some students stop striving when faced with speculative and educational difficulties, whereas others rise to the occasion using tactics and diligence, thus attaining higher grades.

Nowadays, it is noticeable that many students easily give up on their life and accept failure leading to frustration thus affecting their self-regulation and decision-making and therefore, students' preferred behavioral styles such as procrastination. However, Personality traits such as emotional stability; extraversion or urgency, analytical and agreeableness can affect students' coping skills and ability to adapt them to the ever challenging university life while others may provoke them to adopt some of the negative strategies.

The present study aims at connecting some of the learning processes i.e., procrastination with personality traits of students particularly at the university level. Furthermore, it has been evaluated that how some factors can affect the performance of the university students. To understand the personality traits and its link with other variables, there is a need to have some conceptual framework about personality.

Personality is the mixture of mechanisms within the individual that are systematized and comparatively persistent and that affect his or her connections with, psychological traits and variations to the intra psychic social and physical environments (Larsen & Buss, 2005). It states to a set of primary traits that regulate how an individual naturally thinks, behaves and feels (McGeown et al., 2014). Hence it can be safely concluded that personality basically carries some unique attributes which make an individual differently from others. Some of them are discussed further.

Literally every definition of personality carries its own unique construct regarding the occurrences, but there is an abundance of traditional theories of personality that describes the phenomena more precisely, e.g., dispositional (trait) perspective, humanistic, psychodynamic behaviorist, biological, social learning and evolutionary perspective (Allport, 1973). As the present study focuses on the personality traits of an individual, so there is a need to explain trait theory specifically.

Trait theory (also called dispositions theory) is a kind of model to explain the human personality and is considered as the empirical justification of the present research. Trait theorists are predominantly concerned within the dimension of traits, which can be well-defined as customary patterns of behavior, thought, and emotion (Kassin, 2003). According to Gordon Allport (pioneer of trait theory), fundamental, central and secondary traits may dominate an individual behavior, customize and provide a complete picture of a person in certain circumstances respectively (Nicholson, 1998).

Personality traits can be generally defined as formal and customary arrangements of perception, behavior, and consequence. Personality traits are hypothesized as constant individual difference features clarifying an entity's or person's temperament to specific configurations of cognitions, emotions, and behavior (Hogan, Hogan, & Roberts, 1996).

Ashton and Lee (2008) have recently found a cross cultural evidence of personality construct, which is particularly statistical and lexical in nature, and amassed a six-dimensional structure of personality traits, known as HEXACO (i.e., HonestyHumility, Emotionality, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness to experience) (Aghababaei & Arji, 2013).

Many researches pointed out that personality is an essential resource of the individual which is not only interrelated with significant life consequences, i. …

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