Academic journal article International Research Journal of Arts and Humanities

Demotivation in ESL Class at University Level: A Study of Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro

Academic journal article International Research Journal of Arts and Humanities

Demotivation in ESL Class at University Level: A Study of Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro

Article excerpt

1.Introduction

English language has got its own international position all over the world. It plays as basic requirement and top most priority for the student in schools, colleges and universities. Multilingual countries like Pakistan where English is taught as a second language and it is considered as a compulsory subject in schools and universities and students are required to study as it is the pre requisite of the course content. The condition is not so different in Mehran University of Engineering and technology Pakistan where English is taught as a compulsory subject. English is offered to all first year engineering students for one year divided into two semesters. Three credit-hours are allocated in the first semester and same goes to the second semester. The students are required to attend classes for a total three hours per week. .Although it is a fact that students have to attend the class because of attendance and need to pass exams in order to move towards next semester. There are several students who have confrontations towards learning English due to certain factors that's why they fail to learn it in proper way. The achievement rate at the end of the semester 2013 was average like 40% to 50%. In spite of the external reasons and stresses to learn English, Some students took interest in English classes and took active part in classroom activities but after sometimes they lost their interest and many students did not show interest in lessons and looked for tactics for passing examinations with least effort. Based on my own teaching experience, I have observed that lack of motivation or demotivation may be one of the factors that could cause these problems.

Many researchers of L2 teaching and learning have given more emphasis on the motivation of learners or L2 motivation only. But I think L2 motivation is inadequate for non native learners and ESL learning problems. Although, demotivation has been long deserted and its importance in second language learning is identified very recently. Now it is considered as an important factor in L2 learning. Demotives, that is, factors that influence motivation negatively by de-energising action can have a detrimental effect on L2 learning. Therefore, this research paper is based on the investigations of fundamental causes of demotivation in second language learning at Mehran UET. In order to understand the factors of demotivation. This research paper will investigate the reasons that why do students at university level lose their interest or demotivate while learning second language.

2. Hypothesis

Following Hypotheses of this paper are to be analyzed:

Ho There is no significant difference between motivated and demotivated students in terms of their opinion about ESL class at University.

H1 There is a significant difference between motivated and demotivated students' in terms of their opinion about ESL class at University.

3. Literature Review

Motivation is generally known as a vigour that activates learners and stimulates them to execute with determination for explicit aim and objectives. The positive side of "motivation has been broadly studied in the past two decades" (Wang & Malderez, 2006); but, only few researches had dealt with the negative side of motivation- is called demotivation, In the process of language learning, demotivation is a constant and frequent observable fact. Language learning malfunction is recognized to be particularly associated to demotivation (HASEGAWA, 2004). There many language teachers wish to identify that why students lost their motivation in English as a foreign language (EFL) classroom and is teacher himself may cause reduce student's motivation or does teacher play role in reducing students' demotivation and uphold their motivation in learning.

The demotivated L2 learners can be found in any language class. The number of demotivated L2 learners is quite increased. A "demotivated" learner is someone who was once motivated but has lost his or her commitment/interest for some reason. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.