Academic journal article Journal of Community Positive Practices

Family's Socio-Economic Situation in the Romanian Room as Compared with Other Countries of the European Union

Academic journal article Journal of Community Positive Practices

Family's Socio-Economic Situation in the Romanian Room as Compared with Other Countries of the European Union

Article excerpt

Introduction to the topic and research methodology

The rate of marriages, the evolution of divorce, birth rates, and mortality are part of the key-indicators by which the direction and development of more or less vulnerable young couples can be estimated. Unfortunately, the legislation of social services and protection differs even today from one country to another. At global level, the development of economic gaps leading to poverty, early school-leaving, massive migration of Muslim populations to Europe, the post-effects of the 2008 economic crisis, the emergence and outspread of terrorism triggering insecurity feelings are challenges that reach and discourage young couples in the effort of setting-up a family.

The migration of non-European populations to Europe maintains and even increases the number of the population at State's level, but with very many costs implying: the multiplication of refugee camps, lack of jobs, cheaper workforce, difficulties in identifying jobs, all in their turn leading to increased discontent among autochthonous populations, strikes, union protests, the development of intercultural conflict areas, increased unemployment, the need of spending on social assistance, etc. It is obvious that the aggregation of these processes discourages the autochthonous population and especially the young seeking a job or intending to set up a family. The socio-economic issues affect thus the confidence in family as institution on medium- and long term. Some questions could be why the traditional family is on decline? Can young couples adjust to the new challenges? Is the modern family, such as the mono-parental one a solution that could gradually replace the traditional family concept? These questions justify a careful analysis of a sensitive subject, but necessary for configuring future evolutions.

The methodology was built by interpreting and comparing statistical data gathered from the Eurostat and NIS (National Institute of Statistics) databanks. In order to gain a complex image of the topic, we resorted also to part of the empirical researches finalised during the last 5 years by IQLR (the Institute for Quality of Life Research), World Values Survey, European Values Survey, and the Public Opinion Barometer "Couple Life". As field of research, the paper is circumscribed to the theoretical and statistical analysis of the evolution and changes pertaining to the specifics of social sciences.

After referencing to the specialised literature of the last 5 years, we established and determined the following research objectives:

a. analysis and comparison of the birth rate in Romania and the EU as evolution for the last years, depending on access to and update of the latest statistical data;

b. analysis of households' development in Romania, as compared with the other countries within the European Union;

c. analysis of the divorce development in the case of young couples, as well as the causes and reasons leading to this phenomenon;

d. analysis of mono-parental families' evolution in Romania and in the other countries within the European Union;

e. analysis of the illiteracy rate for children and couples in Romania;

f. to catch an image regarding the demographic evolution of the autochthonous and migrant population at European Union level.

Evolution of the demographic and social context of families in Romania

One first background remark, that we emphasise upfront, is that the differentiation of social policies addressed to families is still rather high from one country to another within the EU area. The unifying vision is lacking, along with a shared legislation of social protection and assistance services at European level. The most developed system of services and social assistance was created by the Northern countries. This fact was possible because an operational progressive system of taxes and duties was created, but also because the philosophy of the Northern state took into account the importance of family irrespective of ethnic, social or cultural particularities. …

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