Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Developing a Measurement Tool of the Effectiveness of the Physical Education Teachers' Teaching and Learning Process

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Developing a Measurement Tool of the Effectiveness of the Physical Education Teachers' Teaching and Learning Process

Article excerpt

Introduction

Physical education is considered a very important means for achieving social development in the Physical education is considered a very important means for achieving social development in the modern communities (D'oum and Anannza, 2012).

In this globalization era, the tasks and roles of physical education teachers have become weightier. The teachers' readiness, mastery of their field of study, and responsibilities become the greatest asset to the realization of effective teaching and learning processes. Professional teachers are demanded to be ready and master either their field of study or the thorough design of their teaching and learning programs.

Apart from that, the dynamics of the students' learning and teachers' guidance are the result of the teaching and learning activity manifestations in the classroom. For this reason, it is undeniable that the teachers should possess the knowledge, ability, and skills in applying accurate teaching methodologies and approaches. The professional teachers' competence should be combined with their abilities to comprehend the students' dynamic behavior and development, considering that more and more problems are arising in the physical education field.

Mutohir (1996) explains the current hurdles concerning physical education in Indonesia, one of which is the ineffectiveness of teaching and learning process in this field. This condition results from the limited ability of physical education teachers and the resources used to support their teaching and learning process, as well as the absence of the tool to measure the effectiveness of their teaching and learning processes. Soemosasmito (1998) further asserts that until recently, there had not been a reliable research that could cope with the problems pertaining the teachers' effective teaching and learning process. Previously, there were some previous studies that aimed at figuring out the characteristics of teachers' effective personalities, but they have not used any instrument to measure their validity and reliability.

In relation to the aforementioned arguments, it can be concluded that to solve the problems on the effectiveness of physical education teachers' teaching and learning processes, there is a need for a measurement tool that has a high degree of validity and reliability. Therefore, this study is undertaken to develop a measurement tool to measure the effectiveness of physical education teachers' teaching and learning processes in the form of a scoring scale. This scale is expected to commendably quantify the teachers' teaching and learning processes in physical education realistically and consistently.

Materials and Methods

Research Type

This study is categorized as a developmental research by using interview and Q-Sort method. Richey and Nelson (1996) argue that a developmental study is a systematic study on the planning, development, evaluation, processes, and products that should have the criteria of internal consistency.

Research Design

Based on the research problem and research objective as elaborated earlier, this study needs a research design to attain the research objective. Nazir (2005) defines a research design as all processes required in the planning and conduct of a research. Accordingly, this study used the interview technique, item pool, and Q-sort method. Meanwhile, the framework of this study can be seen in the following chart.

Research Subject

This study involved physical education teachers and public senior high school students in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. The total proportion of the students is 7598 from which 20 students were randomly chosen as samples. Meanwhile, four out of 27 teachers were randomly selected as samples as well. The interview was carried out with four teachers, and then the step of nominal group was done with 20 students, whereas the Q-sort was undertaken with five experts, and finally the testing step was conducted with 350 public senior school students. …

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