Academic journal article Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology

Exploring Predictors of Burnout and Work Engagement among Teachers - A Review on Higher Educational Institutions of India

Academic journal article Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology

Exploring Predictors of Burnout and Work Engagement among Teachers - A Review on Higher Educational Institutions of India

Article excerpt

Globalization has imposed a challenge to higher educational institutions due to increasing competitiveness in the field of academics. As a result of this, teaching sector across the globe has compelled the higher education system to adopt effective methodologies pertaining to appointment of better faculties, high standards of admission criteria, technical based teaching pedagogies, practical-oriented curriculum, implementation of performance assessment system and overall infrastructural benefits. In recent times, the challenge of a teacher is not only limited to classroom lectures but, also enhancing the overall development of his or her students. Additionally, a faculty is credited with other academic responsibilities such as research activities, organising workshops and seminars and managing placements and other developmental programmes.

However, concern has already been expressed that teaching is measured as one of the most stressful occupation (Johnson, 2005), ascribed to a soaring workload, derisory salary, huge class size, arousing anxiety, students' misbehaviour and professed low eminence of the profession (Hakanen, Bakker, & Schaufeli, 2006). Previous research has emphasized those teachers in Higher Educational Institutions (HEI)'s score comparatively higher on the burnout quotient. According to a report published in TNO (2010), teachers feel empty or emotionally exhausted after a working day's schedule compared to employees' working in other industries. The reason may be that the pertinent role played by the teachers in their educational institutes in the course of all round progress of the students may result in their stress and burnout. Teachers undergo a heavy work pressure experience because of the lists of tasks they have to carry out during the academic sessions, comparatively low level of self-governance in their work and the limited hold up they get from institutes (OECD, 2003). Over a period of last 20 years or more, numerous social and behavioural science analysts perceived instructing as an occupation with high danger of anxiety (Dunham & Verma, 1998; Kyriacou, 2000, 2001), which prompts higher insights in the teaching profession (Richards, & Akroyd, 1994). As a result of the requesting nature of work educators they are in high danger of burnout. A few studies have recorded larger amounts of tension experienced by higher instructive foundations instructors in appreciation to their employment obligations (Gersten et.al., 2001; Miller et.al, 1999).

According to the above proof, it seems that there is lack of research in the professional burn out area of the HEI's teachers in the Indian setting. For example, there are studies lead by Amirta Gowri and Thiagarajan (2005); Balabaskar (2010); Chopra and Gartia (2009); Kaur (2008); Kumar (2007); Poornima (2012); Reddy (2007); Reddy and Poornima (2009) who focused on professional burnout of teachers working in primary, secondary, university and special schools. According to Azeem and Nazir (2008), the degree of professional burnout among the university teachers are higher in terms of emotional exhaustion. The level of professed occupational stress and burnout in male teachers were examined in 56 engineering colleges (Pandey &Tripathi, 2001). Thus, it shows that HEI's teachers may reach a burnout point at any point of time. However, we haven't found any study on integrated approach of employees' burnout and work engagement of teachers in HEIs in the Indian context. As it is highlighted that it is a vital concern for educational institutes to become competent and preserve the best teaching resources thus, it is crucial for them to And out the predictors of employees' burnout and work engagement so that they can overcome the challenges.

Objective:

The present paper reviews the literature in burnout, work engagement and their integrated approach exhaustively and how the integrated approach can help management of HEIs to improve their performance and work without much stress. …

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