Academic journal article Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods

The Impact of Teaching Aids on Iranian Learners' Reading Comprehension Ability

Academic journal article Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods

The Impact of Teaching Aids on Iranian Learners' Reading Comprehension Ability

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

The use of teaching aids in the process of teaching learning depends upon the different types of equipment available in the classroom. The students can learn better when they are motivated properly through different teaching aids. Teaching aids create the environment of interest for the students. Teaching aids help to increase the vocabulary of the students. Chapelle (2008) points out that "second language teachers today need to be able to choose, use and in some cases, refuse technology for their students" (p. 9).

Barclay (1984) states, that "the role of teaching aids in the classroom is to make learning real, practical, and fun through seeing, hearing, discovering, and doing." (1984, p. 8). "Materials may contribute in some way, but cannot determine content" (Allwright, 1981, p. 8) that is, the role of teaching materials is limited even if what learners learn is an important way independent of the materials used.

Reading is a complex activity; two approaches known as extensive and extensive reading have been used in developing reading skills. It is believed that these two approaches can be beneficial, in one way or another, for improving students' reading comprehension ability ( Popescu, 2012 ; Attaprechakul, 2013; Alpatkein, 2006; Gorsuch, 2012; Grabe, 2010; Huang , 2013; Bernhardt, 2010; Abraham pula, 2002).Reading is essential to every aspect of learning, and the purpose of reading is to construct meaning from text (comprehension). A major goal of reading comprehension instruction is to help students develop the knowledge, skills, and experiences they need to become independent readers and lifelong learners.

2. Statement of the Problem

The role of teaching aids in the classroom is to make learning real, practical, and fun through seeing, hearing and discovering. To make learning very effective it is not only necessary to utilize the factors and techniques that facilitate learning, the teacher are to create certain conditions in the class-room that may improve learning.These conditions are providing teaching aids, creating rivalry and co-operation, giving the knowledge of progress and success, praising or reprimanding and guiding learning.

Reading is the most important skill that any foreign language learner has to know. It is among the four important dimensions of language learning process identified by Chen and Hsu (2008); that is, listening, reading, speaking and writing skills. Language learners need to read different text from their academic textbooks, stories and newspaper. It can be seen that reading can act as a source of getting information and pleasure and also a means of enhancing one's knowledge of the target language (Keshavarz & Ashtarian, 2008).At any level of language proficiency, language learners have problems in reading comprehension tests. Hence, language teachers need to pay special attention to this skill and to find a way to help students in the reading process and to improve their reading skill and as a result their knowledge of the target language. One of the ways that can help to improve learners' reading skill is focusing on teaching vocabulary.

Reading is a complicated skill. As Richards (quoted in Aebersold & Field, 1997) says, Reading in a second language is a dynamic and interactive process in which learners make use of background knowledge. Students cannot learn all the words necessary to promote their reading comprehension during the class time. Moreover, teaching vocabulary to improve reading comprehension requires a labor and time intensive method. Teachers need to find a complement or alternative to classroom teaching of vocabulary. In order to add to the body of existing knowledge in this area, this study attempted to answer to the following questions:

1. Do teaching aids have any significant effect on the Iranian learners' reading comprehension ability?

3. Review of the literature

Teaching aids are important because they create a visual and interactive experience for the students. …

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