Academic journal article Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods

An Essay on the Image of Dystopia in Holy Quran

Academic journal article Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods

An Essay on the Image of Dystopia in Holy Quran

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

Dystopia is the result of the failure of the intellectuals and founders of the utopia who have always tried to dry the stems of poverty, corruption, lawlessness and injustice in the society and prevent from the collapse of human dignity. Nevertheless, the failure and ruin of this thought have resulted in the emergence of an area far from human doctrine and spirituality and altruism called "dystopia" whose residents have drowned in ruin, forgetfulness, ignorance and guilt, and depression, lack of love, affection and sympathy are its most prominent signs.

In Quran, this stony area (dystopia) with only an abstract concept in mind that the human has not a clear picture of it is called the "people of the North" and is described as "Lo, heretofore they were effete with luxury (56:45)". Quran has warned human of this stony area in order to describe the utopia for him.

Surahs of The Event, The Resurrection, and Al-Haaqqa include the most powerful verses in this context; they have drawn the psychological and mental moods and the appearance of its residents and expressed its features and painful punishment: "... so that thou mightiest have seen men lying overthrown, as they were hollow trunks of palm trees. (69:7)"; "And they used to say: When we are dead and have come dust and bones, shall we then, forsooth, be raised again? (56:47).

2. Research Questions

2.1. What linguistic methods has Quran benefited from in figuring the past and future dystopias?

2.2. How can we investigate and analyze the collapse of utopia and the way of its turning into dystopia in the Holy Quran?

3. Research Hypotheses

3.1. It seems that Quran has beautifully benefited from the linguistic and imagery in figuring dystopias.

3.2. It seems that the factors such as ingratitude, cruelty, hedonism, low sales, moral decay and neglecting the human and Islamic teachings are from the most important causes of the emergence of the figured dystopias in the Holy Quran.

4. The Necessity and Importance of the Study

Addressing the issue of dystopia is necessary and worthy because in the current era, the human has forgotten the perfective purpose of his creation and his living and is astonished and perplexed in the world dystopia. He has forgotten the divine teachings or confiscated them in his own advantage. This is the dystopia where the life expectancy is fading away, and the myths are devoid of value and the absolute freedom and magic are appreciated and sacred and freedom is boundless and oppression is glorified and industrial drugs take the human to the illusory world. Here, the civilization crisis is drawn in materialism and superstition and all of its spiritual values have been destroyed. In this way, with its gradual appearance, The Holy Quran has deeply affected the humanity world and the formation of human character and life and drawing his future and desires and expressed the primary aim of creation of human. Quran has figured the human utopia, reminded the causes of fall of virtue and humanity, and pictured out the factors of emergence of the unwanted dystopias in order to warn the human of immersion in such cities and return him to his real position, i.e. the superior to the other creatures.

5. Research Background

Many researchers and authors have taken steps to write and create the literary and rhetorical beauties of The Holy Quran; and due to the literary miracle of this divine book, there are numerous researches in the form of books, papers, and articles. But in the field of the dystopia literature in The Holy Quran, no independent study has been conducted, however the following relevant studies can be referred:

- MoradKhani, (2000) in the study entitled "Investigation of utopia and its Opposite" has comprehensively and clearly defined the desire and implicitly referred to the concept of dystopia against this nowhere. In his study, he has benefitted from the definition of dystopia from the different viewpoints of famous scientists such as Plato and Francis Bakon. …

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