Academic journal article International Review of Management and Business Research

How Neurosciences Effects on Decision Making and Leadership

Academic journal article International Review of Management and Business Research

How Neurosciences Effects on Decision Making and Leadership

Article excerpt

Introduction

Thousands of studies have been conducting to pertain generic basis ( Arvey, Rotundo, Johnson, Zhang, & McGue, 2006; Arvey, Zhang, Avolio, & Krueger, 2007; Bass & Bass, 2009; Zhang, Ilies, & Arvey, 2009) and personality dimensions (Bono & Judge, 2004) to attain leadership role. Management means the process of dealing, controlling things or people and Neuroscience is known as the study of development of nervous system, what it does and its structure. Neuroscientist focused on the brain, behaviour and cognitive functions. According to Annette kortovna, decision making perception, behaviour and cognition are influenced by emotions.

Decisions are a predestined element of human actions. Human Life is full of choices and decisions and the key question is how people make decisions not only in workplace but also in daily routine life. It is difficult to artifact human action in single course of action. To a certain point it reflects interface of different dedicated subsystems, which intermingle impeccably to determine behavior, but at same time, they compete with each other. In general, human behavior is not in the stable and comprehensive control of vigilant and perfect parsimonious calculations. It is product of an unbalanced and unreasonable compound of reflex procedures, impulse, fashion, hysteria, instincts, routine and many more. M.F. Bear, B.W. Connors and M.A. Paradiso (2002), put importance on brain and it's testing according to the external impulses rather than considers inherited features and DNA.

Jyotirmaya Satpathy (2012) stated that decision making process is a cognitive process and a base of selecting assessment and line of action between numerous alternative scenarios. Process is a regular procedure included in relation with surroundings. Analysis is apprehensive with sense of decision building, invariant and rationality decision making it leads to compensatory interaction of decision making related regions.

The first formal paper in neuromanagement reflected collaborated effort between Breiter, Shizgal and Kahneman and was published in 2001 (Breiter 2001). Emotions can be explained as "gut feeling" that plays an influential role on behavior and decision. In the life of leader decisions should be based on facts and figures not on the emotions.

Social cognitive neuroscience is the best way to study of leadership in between different branches of neuroscience. Social cognitive neuroscience is the best way to study the human interaction (Ochsner and Lieberman, 2001. Adolphs (2009), Tabibnia, Satpute and Lieberman (2008) studied that feelings, thoughts and intentions of others, fairness vs unfairness are based on the neural basis.

Pedler et al., (1991) identified attributes required for leaders are fundamental skills, technical skills, interpersonal skills, conceptual skills, decision making skills, time management skills, relevant professional knowledge, Emotional buoyancy, pro-active, creativity, Mental alertness. The research paper explores the effect of neuroscience on leadership from past studies. This review is organized into two parts. First we try to find the relationship of neuroscience, decision making and leadership. Second we will discuss the limitations faced the researchers to conduct intra disciplinary studies. Finally we conclude the discussion the potential applications of neurosciences applications.

It is difficult and challenging to make theoretical connection between influence of brain activity on leadership qualities and behaviours. According to Walman, Balthazard and Peterson, coherence is a proper word for the exploration of behaviour associated with leadership. The purpose of the research is to find the relationship between neuromanagement and leadership. Here we discuss different theories to explore it, such as cognitive (Henry, 1976) theory, coherence theory (Cacioppo, Berntson & Nusbaum, 2008). Neuroscience is the study of advance study of human's brain, the advancement of neuroscience help the researchers to find the relationship between marketing, management, economic, leadership and organizational behaviour. …

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