Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

A Study of Impact of Emotional Intelligence (EQ) on Adjustment of Senior Secondary Students

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

A Study of Impact of Emotional Intelligence (EQ) on Adjustment of Senior Secondary Students

Article excerpt

Various problems of the society and an individual can be sorted out through adjustment. It has been realised that major obstacles in the progress of the nation is adjustment problems of its young generation. It is our responsibility to buildup the confidence level of the students so that they can utilise their talent, capabilities and potentialities for constructive work. Proper adjustment makes way for effective adaptation. Adjustment means training of thoughts and behaviour pattern that yield satisfaction today and prepare a person to solve their future problems. A well adjusted person has the ability to perform his/her duties well. Maladjustment brings social deterioration and thus society does not tolerate maladjusted persons.

In the present scientific era, people are facing a lot of complexities in their lives. A person makes a lot of adjustments and strives hard to cope up with stress and anxiety. Adjustment is relative and not absolute term. It refers to the adequacy of the person and interpersonal process that can be used to adapt to our environment. A well adjusted person is flexible, change according to environment and behaves according to the culture and given situation. The dictionary meaning of the adjustment, is to make suitable, adapt, arrange, modify, harmonise or make correspondence, Chaplin in his Dictionary of psychology (1968) has defined adjustment as:

* Variation of the activities of the organism in order to surmount a barrier and satisfy needs.

* Establishment of a harmonious relationship with the physical and social environment.

Golelman (1969) defined adjustment as the outcome of the individual's efforts to deal with stress and meet his needs. Eysenck (1972) states adjustment is a state in which needs of the individual on one hand are fully satisfied or the process by which this harmonious relationship can be attained. Singh (1983) pointed out that adjustment is a precarious and ever changing balance between the needs and desires of the individuals on one hand and the demands of environment and society on the other hand. Srivastava (1996) stated that adjustment is the harmonious relations with the environment in which most of the individual's needs are satisfied in socially acceptable way and resulting in forms of behaviour which may range from passive conformity to rigorous actions. Parmeshwaran and Beena (2004) stated that adjustment is a process by which a living organism acquires a particular way of acting or behaving or changes an existing form of behaviour or action. This adjustment is of twotype, viz., adjustment to external conditions and adjustment to internal conditions. A balance between these two adjustments becomes necessary as a person grows older.

Thus adjustment is

* That process that maintain balance between physical, psychological and social needs.

* A continuous process that keep harmonious relationship between a human being and his environment.

* That process which directs towards modifications of behaviour and attitudes.

* That state of condition that promotes happiness and efficiency of the person and

* That implies proper degree of social feeling and acceptance of social responsibility.

Components of adjustment

Adjustment is basically composed oftwo components

* Personal Components: These consists of a person's own physical and mental health, work efficiency, sense of satisfaction, self understanding, self-respect, intellectual development, emotional maturity, interests and compatible goals.

* Environmental Components: These consists of parents' attitude, social acceptance, economic factors, physical conditions in the environment, expectations of family and teacher's rating etc.

Bell (1958) has taken five areas in his adjustment inventory namely home, health, social, emotional and occupational.

Some of the well known adjustment areas are given below Emotional Adjustment: Emotions are feelings that may be good or bad towards something. …

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