Academic journal article Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods

Recommendations for University Students in Learning of Safe Behavioral Mechanisms

Academic journal article Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods

Recommendations for University Students in Learning of Safe Behavioral Mechanisms

Article excerpt

Introduction

The study is relevant due to reassessment of values and a new understanding of security issues in modern society. Security has acquired a complex structure, consisting of the security of the individual in the process of life and professional activity, protection of natural environment, national and global security. Dictionaries describe the concept of "security" as a phenomenon which is connected not so much "with the lack of threat" but as a condition of human feelings and emotions. In the Great Dictionary of Russian language the security is defined as the absence of threat and danger, safety (Kuznetsov, 2000), and the risk as the threat of disaster, unhappiness and catastrophe (Kuznetsov, 2000). So, for human the security is understood primarily as a sense of security from different kinds of threats. Security is one of the fundamental needs of the individual (Lunev & Pugacheva, 2014). Like physiological needs, A.G. Maslow (1959) believes, that wish may also dominate in the body. Desires may usurp the right to conduct behavior, subordinating all the possibilities of the body, aiming them to attain security, and in this case one can rightfully consider the body as a tool for providing security. And as in the case of physiological urge, one can say that the receptors, effectors, intelligence, memory, and all the others of individual's abilities are transformed in a given environment into the tool for security ensuring. As in the case of a hungry man, the main goal not only defines the perception of the individual, but also defines its philosophy of the future, philosophy of values. For such a person there is no more strong necessity than the need for security (sometimes even physiological needs, if they are satisfied, are regarded as minor, inconsequential). If this state gets extreme force, then we can say that the man thinks only about care, security: stability; protection; freedom from fear, anxiety and chaos; Law and order (Maslow, 1959). American psychologist K. Horney (1991) also notes that safety as one of the fundamental needs of the individual. K. Horney (1991) considers that to achieve security in the world the person uses one of the three fundamental strategies of interrelation with other people: direction on the people, from the people and against the people, where every strategy like the optimization of interpersonal interaction to achieve a sense of security in the world surrounded. Thus the effect of the strategy is to decrease the more or less acceptable life. Besides, every of them are accompanied by a definite fundamental focus in interaction with other personalities (Horney, 1991). The danger of terrorism requires a new look at security as a state of vital interests' defense of the individual, society and state from internal and external danger. Personality has become the main aim of security and direction for activity of state and public institutions, citizens (Tsygankov, 2010). But the person must be aware of the necessity for security, and to position itself as its entity, clearly predict the consequences of his or her acts (Tsyrdya & Ursul, 2016). The paper is aimed at development of practical advice for university students' learning of mechanisms of safe behavior.

Methodology

Safety is a fundamental vital human need (Murray, 2007). The necessity of the individual to be secured is associated with the hazard and risk in the course of its life and professional activity. The threat of a danger for human is fear as emotional process of a definite subjective experience of the case in which calmness is under some threat. The danger is a casual nature of activity involving the uncertainty of its result and the possible unfavorable consequences in situation of fail (Schneier, 2003). So, the person can feel security on the basis of subjective cognitive and emotional estimation of the case as potentially uncertain and dangerous. (Horney, 2000). This evaluation is based on the natural signals of threat (danger, pain, loneliness) and the outcomes of a special form of learning (social borrowing). …

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