Academic journal article Military Review

Transformational Leadership: Industrial, Military, and Educational Impact

Academic journal article Military Review

Transformational Leadership: Industrial, Military, and Educational Impact

Article excerpt

TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP: Industrial, Military, and Educational Impact by Bernard M. Bass. 216 pages. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Mahwah, NJ. 1997. $49.95.

"Better leaders are transformational more frequently; less adequate leaders concentrate on correction and passivity." So reads one conclusion posited by Bernard M. Bass in Transformational Leadership. This statement sums up only one of the lessons the reader can glean from this book.

This book allows readers to delve into a portion of the research and development that has gone into quantifying and explaining the concept of transformational leadership. However, there are other models or methods of leadership. Bass discusses two: passive, which includes laissez-faire and management by exception (MBE-P), and active, which includes management by exception (MBE-A), transactional or contingent reward and transformational. In the passive method, the leader waits for people to make mistakes or for errors to occur before taking action to correct the situation. In the active method, the leader actively monitors situations in order to take immediate corrective actions.

Bass cites four components of transformational leadership: idealized influence (charisma), inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration. In "idealized influence," leaders are seen as possessing certain characteristics that make followers identify with and emulate their behavior and beliefs. "Inspirational motivation" leaders motivate and inspire followers by providing meaning and challenges to their followers' work. …

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