Academic journal article Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Measurement of Influence of the Teacher's Personality on Students in the Classroom

Academic journal article Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Measurement of Influence of the Teacher's Personality on Students in the Classroom

Article excerpt

The focus of this research is the assessment of pedagogical interaction as a dimension of the learning environment through the personal representation of a teacher in the student's personality, and the assessment of the nature and extent to which teachers are involved in changes of interpersonal dimensions of their student's personality. This was examined by the assessment of the shift in egograms of a teacher's students, as measured by the Interpersonal Check List (ICL). A 2 x 9 doubly multivariate repeated measures analysis of variance was conducted on the adult, parent, and child ego states as self-assessed by 187 students prior to the class period and after the class period, but still within the presence of the teacher. As hypothesized, the Time and the Class by Time results were statistically significant (p < .05), indicating a general preclass to postclass change in ego state. The multivariate effect sizes averaged about .065, which is subtle but detectable. The change in ego states were also significant (p = 0.018) when assessed by a singly-ordered row by column table, in terms of the number of students within each class who presented either an increase or decrease in the number of items representative of the Adult, Parent or Child ego states on the ICL. The shift in ego state was also evidenced by the decrease (average Spearman's rho = .45) in pre-post correlation (i.e., with the teacher in the classroom), as compared with test-retest (i.e., study hall with no teacher present) correlation (average rho of .86) of ego states.

The integration of Interpersonal Theory (Leary, 1957), Transactional Analysis (Berne, 1961) and Personalization (A. Petrovskiy & V Petrovskiy, 1980) was previously shown to be productive for the study of the unplanned imparting of a teacher's personality on students (Novojenova & Sawilowksy, 1996). The approach of transactional reinterpretation via the Interpersonal Check List (ICL, LaForge & Suczek, 1955) permitted the development of a procedure for revealing the levels of the ego states in the self-perception of students. The method of "reflected subjectivity" (i.e., "analysis of the individual's personality through its representation in the life activity of other people, their motivations", V. Petrovskiy, 1985) was used to describe the impact of interpersonal teacher-student interaction in the teaching process. That is, the teacher's personal style of interaction is captured by comparing the level of actualization of ego-states of students before and after a class period.

The focus of this research is the analysis of pedagogical interaction as a dimension of the learning environment through the personal representation of a teacher in the student's personality. Also of concern is the assessment of the nature and extent to which teachers are involved in changes of interpersonal dimensions of their student's personality. Theoretical approaches and measurement of personality depend on the dominant aspect of the understanding of personality, and thus the approach taken is based on combining interpersonal theories of personality.

Transactional Analysis

Transactional Analysis (TA) provides a structural model of personality and a functional model (Berne, 1961, 1966). According to TA theory, the three primary ego states of Parent, Adult, and Child are used to describe the structure and function of personality. TA draws a parallel between the internal condition and interpersonal behavior.

TA theory describes a phenomenon of shift in interpersonal psychological functioning. Pointing to some limitations of assessing TA processes, Allen (1981) distinguished realms in which significant psychological shifts such as the experience of relationships and patterns of ego functioning and states of consciousness may occur. Allen (1981) further emphasized shifts in the experience of relationship which "may occur intra-psychically", that is, "internalized images of other persons", or "interpersonally, i. …

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