Academic journal article Military Review

The Art of Military Deception

Academic journal article Military Review

The Art of Military Deception

Article excerpt

THE ART OF MILITARY DECEPTION by Mark Lloyd. 256 pages. Leo Cooper,New York. 1997. $31.95.

In May 1998, India caught the world off guard when it detonated five nuclear devices. This was accomplished by its use of misdirection and a weakness in satellite surveillance coverage. India did not hide the fact it was about to test its 900-mile-range Agni missile. The test created a great amount of interest in the United States, which became singularly focused on that event. The region in which the test was conducted is extremely hot and subject to sandstorms, which India knew would disrupt or blind satellite sensors. Also, the test was scheduled when there was little or no surveillance satellite coverage. In light of India's ability to successfully hide its preparation for the nuclear test, we must relook deception operations.

Mark Lloyd's book The Art of Military Deception provides 80 examples of deception ranging from tactical to strategic and from Jericho to the Gulf War. For example, during World War II, British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, who was easily recognized, became a key indicator for German agents. They believed that where Montgomery appeared some offensive action would occur. …

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