Academic journal article Military Review

Face of Empire: United States-Philippine Relations, 1898-1946

Academic journal article Military Review

Face of Empire: United States-Philippine Relations, 1898-1946

Article excerpt

FACE OF EMPIRE: united states-- Philippine Relations, 1898-1946, by Frank Hindman Golay. 550 pages. University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI. 1998. $59.95.

Frank Hindman Golay spent his professional career studying Philippine economic development. While writing Face of Empire, he became dissatisfied with the state of scholarship concerning the US colonial enterprise in the Philippines. He became convinced that a small number of available secondary works were being cited to an extent that they overshadowed primary sources as well as other secondary materials of greater historical importance. After retiring, Golay embarked on this study to redress the perceived imbalance.

Toward the end of his writing effort, Golay called this book "a monstrous manuscript surveying American colonial rule in the Philippines, which has burdened my waking hours for eight years." It was not until three years after his death that his widow released the manuscript for publication. The editors discovered mistakes in many of the footnotes and asked for the professor's research notes. Several weeks later a huge crate arrived containing a "wall-high stack of metal filing drawers, crammed with three-byfive-inch cards, each covered with handwritten notes from Golay's long hours of painstaking archival research." Editing the manuscript was a long process but resulted in one of the few surveys of US colonial rule of the Philippines.

One of the interpretative threads running through the book is Golay's dislike for and disapproval of the domination of weaker powers by stronger ones. He did not like any form of imperialism, believing it stunts a people's initiative, enterprise and stamina. He believed imperialism, whether undertaken by Asians, Europeans or Americans in Asia, Africa, Latin America or Eastern Europe, results in economic, cultural and political retardation. …

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