Academic journal article Military Review

STATE AND REVOLUTION IN CUBA: Mass Mobilization and Political Change

Academic journal article Military Review

STATE AND REVOLUTION IN CUBA: Mass Mobilization and Political Change

Article excerpt

STATE AND REVOLUTION IN CUBA: Mass Mobilization and Political Change, 1920-1940, Robert WMtney, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 2001, 255 pages, $49.95.

This study of Cuban state formation before the over-analyzed Castro experience in 1959 is worth a closer look. Canadian scholar Robert Whitney delves once again into Cuba's early history and examines it in detail, looking at the workers, trade unions, and state violence carried out by the Bautista regime in an effort to assert state control and gain influence. Whitney states that the purpose of his work is to show how the "transition from oligarchic rule to the modern state came about primarily because of the mass mobilization by the 'clases populares' against oligarchic capitalism." Whitney accomplishes his purpose with vivid examples and well-researched and supported opinion.

Whitney's argument for support of Latin American research follows the lead of other Latin American historians like Peter Winn in Weavers of Revolution (Oxford University Press, New York, 1986). …

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