Academic journal article The American Midland Naturalist

The Scientific Names Notropis Stramineus (Cope) and N. Ludibundus (Girard)

Academic journal article The American Midland Naturalist

The Scientific Names Notropis Stramineus (Cope) and N. Ludibundus (Girard)

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT.-Two scientific names referring to the sand shiner have appeared in the literature during the past decade. A ruling by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature in 2002 (Opinion, 1991) conserved the more commonly used name, Notrojm stramineus (Cope, 1865), and this name should be used rather than the name N. ludibundus (Girard, 1856).

The sand shiner is a small species of minnow (family Cyprinidae) occurring most often in lotic waters of the eastern and central United States and southern Canada (Lee et al., 1980). Several scientific names have been proposed for the sand shiner; however, the name Notropis stramineus, originally Hybognathus stramineus Cope, 1865, has been the most widely used name for this species. In 1989, the name N. ludibundus, originally Cyprinella ludibunda Girard, 1856, was resurrected for the sand shiner by Mayden and Gilbert (1989). Since then, both names have appeared in the literature, leading to nomenclatural instability. In the interest of preserving nomenclatural stability, Bailey (1999) submitted a petition to the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) to conserve the name H. stramineus Cope for the sand shiner instead of the slightly older but little-used name C. ludibunda Girard. Comments from ichthyologists on the case were published in the Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature [2000. 57(2):111-112, 57(3):168-172] and in March 2002 the ICZN published their ruling on the matter (ICZN, 2002). …

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