Die Katholisch-Theologischen Disziplinen in Deutschland 1870-1962: Ihre Geschichte, Ihr Zeitbezug

Article excerpt

Die katholisch-theologischen Disziplinen in Deutschland 1870-1962: ihre Geschichte, ihr Zeitbezug. Edited by Hubert Wolf (with Claus Arnold). [Programm and Wirkungsgeschichte des II. Vatikanums, Band 3.] (Paderborn; Ferdinand Schoningh. 1999. Pp. 408. DM 108 paperback.)

The book examines "the history of the theological disciplines and cultural changes in Germany before the Second Vatican Council," especially from 1870 to 1962. Each of the thirteen essays focuses on the work of German-speaking scholars in relation to international developments. This review gives a glimpse of each essay.

H. G. Reventlow describes the early exegesis of P Heinisch and A. Sanda on the Pentateuch, G. Hoberg and H. Herkenne on the Psalm, J. Gottsberger on Second Isaiah, and A. Scholz and M. Schumpp on the Book of Tobit. After considering German contributions to the Church's teachings on the Bible, H. J. Klauck reviews the history of the Biblische Zeitschrift, Biblica, and Bibel und Kirche. H.Wolf discusses studies in church history (e.g., by L. Pastor, A. Ehrhard, and W Neuss); he observes that these scholars distanced their work from theology in order to strengthen their historiography while avoiding conflicts with the Vatican.

D. Berger traces the unfolding of two kinds of apologetics and fundamental theology: the Molinist (inductive) way of J. Kleutgen and H. Schell, and the Thomistic (deductive) way of M. J. Scheeben and R. Garrigou-Lagrange. To show the changes in dogmatic theology, E Walter examines the ecclesiologies of the manualists, B. Bartmann and L. Ott, and also of innovative theologians such as M. J. Scheeben, M. Schmaus, and K. Rahner. D. Nebel (with A. Dadder and D. Ludecke) contributes a complete list of Catholic professors of fundamental and dogmatic theology from 1870 to 1962 in forty-two German-speaking universities and Hochschulen in Austria, Germany and Switzerland.

J. Reiter describes the recent history of Catholic moral theology: NeoScholastic works from 1869 to 1900 (e. …


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