Academic journal article Nursing Education Perspectives

A Development and Implementation Framework for Web-Based Nursing Courses

Academic journal article Nursing Education Perspectives

A Development and Implementation Framework for Web-Based Nursing Courses

Article excerpt

WEB-BASED COURSES, OR COURSES OFFERED COMPLETELY ONLINE (1), ARE INCREASINGLY POPULARWITHIN NURSING ACADEMIC AND CONTINUING EDUCATION PROGRAMS. Such courses require technological support, resolution of administrative and legal barriers, and development of a curriculum that can be administered completely over the Internet (2-7). However, a comprehensive framework for web-based nursing courses is lacking.

This article presents the Nursing Web Framework, which was developed by the authors for the development and implementation of web-based nursing courses. Aspects of the articulation between web program infrastructure and specific courses are illustrated using the web-based undergraduate nursing research course offered at the University of Maryland Baltimore School of Nursing (SON, UMB) as an example.

ABSTRACT The demand for web-based nursing courses necessitates efficient, effective approaches to course development and implementation.The Nursing Web Framework addresses web-based nursing courses within the context of technological, legal/administrative, and curricular components and infrastructure and coursespecific structural features, processes/procedures, and outcomes. Aspects of the framework are illustrated using the web-based undergraduate nursing research course of the University of Maryland Baltimore's School of Nursing.

Keywords Nursing Curricula - Nursing Education Online - Web Education - Web-Based Learning - Web Program Infrastructure

The Nursing Web Framework The Nursing Web Framework (NWF) is congruent with the literature regarding web pedagogy (8-12) and instructional technology (3,7,13-16). It reflects the authors' experiences in the development of web-based courses and infrastructure at SON, UMB.

As illustrated in Figure 1, the development and implementation phases of web-based courses may be addressed in terms of technological, legal and administrative, and curricular components as they pertain to the overall infrastructure and to specific course requirements. Future problems with implementation of these courses may be anticipated and their likelihood of occurrence minimized through examination of course and infrastructure requirements, linkages between the process of course implementation and desired outcomes, and the refinement of processes and procedures that enhance functionality. The NWF assumes that the effectiveness of web-based nursing courses is enhanced when three conditions are realized:

* Ongoing collaborative relationships exist among nursing faculty, individuals with training and expertise in instructional technology and information technology, and personnel from student affairs and support services.

* Articulation takes place between the technological, curricular, and legal and administrative components of web-based courses.

* Formative and summative evaluation is conducted with regard to structural features, processes and procedures, and outcomes associated with application of the components within and across the course development and implementation phases.

Technological Components In this framework, the technological component encompasses all equipment, resources, services, and additional requirements for the development, delivery, and sustainability of web-based courses. When possible, technological components are specified and developed at the infrastructure level before course-specific technological requirements are addressed.

Infrastructure When institutions engage in strategic planning for web-based programs, the structural features and processes/ procedures that comprise the infrastructure should be selected and developed to meet criteria related to adaptability, responsiveness, security, and expansion for upgrading in a cost-effective manner. Specifically, based on experience and extrapolating from Quality on the Line: Benchmarks for Success (14), four infrastructure issues need to be considered:

* Capabilities of available resources (i. …

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