Biblical and Rabbinic Literature

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Biblical and Rabbinic Literature

Altes Testament und völkische Frage: Der biblische Volksbegriff in der alttestamentlichen Wissenschaft der nationalsozialistischen Zeit, dargestellt am Beispiel von Johannes Hempel, by Cornelia Weber. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1999. 450 pp. ISBN 3-16-147102-4.

The volkish ideology which had become well established during the Third Reich was centered entirely around the Germans and proclaimed their superiority over the Jews. Cornelia Weber examines the interpretation of the biblical concept of "volk" by focusing on Johannes Hempel, who had acquired an international reputation as a Professor for Old Testament Studies and as the editor of the ZAW (Journal for Old Testament Studies) and who joined the German Christians in 1933. Hempel did not see any inconsistency between his work on the Old Testament and his political commitment to the National Socialist state. (German)

Biblical Text and Texture: A Literary Reading of Selected Texts, by Michael Fishbane. Oxford: Oneworld, 1998. 168 pp. ISBN 1-85168-151-1.

Michael Fishbane approaches the Hebrew Bible from a literary point of view. He demonstrates that the authors used a range of literary devices to communicate a religious message applicable to particular historical moments.

Hebrew-English Tanakh. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1999. 2,100 pp. ISBN 0-8276-0656-7.

This edition features the oldest known version of the Holy Scriptures, the Masoretic version complete with cantillation marks, vocalization, and verse numbers, placed next to the Jewish Publication Society's English translation.

Kabbala und die Literatur der Romantik: Zwischen Magie und Trope, edited by Eveline Goodman-Thau, Gert Mattenklott, and Christoph Schulte. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1999. 274 pp. ISBN 3-484-65127-X.

In German Romantic literature, Jewish mysticism was also a source of inspiration for Christian authors such as Novalis, F. Schlegel, Brentano, Arnim, and E. T. A. Hoffmann. Whereas for Romantic theologians and philosophers the Kabbala represented the primal religious doctrine of humanity and a bridge between Rabbinic tradition and Christianity, the literary fraternity saw in it both an esoteric Jewish doctrine of the arcane and the magical and a trope for the mysterious power of language and writing to transcend rationalism and conscious authorial intention. (German)

Old Testament Theology, by Paul R. …