Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

L'Ordre De Saint-Lazare De Jerusalem Au Moyen Age: Milites Christi, Volume 1

Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

L'Ordre De Saint-Lazare De Jerusalem Au Moyen Age: Milites Christi, Volume 1

Article excerpt

L'Ordre de Saint-Lazare de Jerusalem au Moyen Age: Milites Christi, Volume 1. By Rafael Hyacinthe. (Millau: Conservatoire Larzac Templier et Hospitalier. 2003. Pp. 253. euro40.)

Well presented, richly illustrated, and based on an extensive bibliography, Hyacinthe's is the first of a series of monographs planned by the Conservatoire Larzac, an organization dedicated both to the preservation of three threatened medieval Templar-Hospitaller villages in Southern France and also to the study of the military-religious orders in general. The minor religious order of Saint Lazarus originated, like that of the Hospital of Saint John, as a hospitaller institution which emerged in the crusading East. Founded between about 1130 and 1142, its particularity was the care of lepers, a class excluded from normal society. Unlike the Hospitallers' sick, the lepers were regarded as incurable and had to remain permanently within their institution. These sufferers could themselves become fully-professed members of the order who were cared for by other fully-professed brethren, the freres sains or "healthy," who resided with the sick in a type of "double" community; all fully-professed members took the religious vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.

Hyacinthe dispels various early myths, some maintained by the order itself, about its origins. The order soon acquired hospitals in many Western countries, though not in Spain. There was a house at Burton Lazars in the English Midlands by about 1150, and in 1154 another at Boigny in France, which became the order's headquarters after 1291. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.