Erfurter Juristen Im Spätmittelalter: Die Karrieremuster Und Tätigkeitsfelder Einer Gelehrten Elite Des 14. Und 15. Jahrhunderts

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Erfurter Juristen im Spätmittelalter: Die Karrieremuster und Tätigkeitsfelder einer gelehrten Elite des 14. und 15. Jahrhunderts. By Robert Gramsch. [Education and Society in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, Vol. 17.] (Leiden: E. J. Brill. 2003. Pp. xvi, 717. CD-ROM enclosed. euro149; $183.00.)

In this book Robert Gramsch focuses on the University of Erfurt as a nexus in professional careers. This does not occur in a vacuum. Gramsch looks at the larger university scene, especially the University of Cologne, to give the book a comparative dimension. Moreover, he looks at the connections of these jurists to other places of study, including Italian universities. The approach is prosopographical, and it casts light on the reception of the learned law into Germany in the fifteenth century. What the author does not attempt to do is to deal in depth with the intellectual aspects of the university milieu: study, teaching, learned opinion, and even book ownership, except when it casts light oil careers. (The reviewer easily traced two manuscripts owned by Lambert Voss von Soest, one of the some 700 jurists mentioned in the book and profiled in the enclosed CDROM.) Each jurist is included in detailed statistical reports on place of origin, degrees achieved, and later careers. Most of these men are not well known, having served Church or secular government in their professional capacities, but a few achieved prominence in the period of the Basel Schism (1439-1449). Among these are Johannes Tolner, a friend of Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini (Pius II), and Johannes Lysura, a prominent adviser to the German princes in that crisis.

The book begins with an overview that includes detailed discussions of the available sources. The university itself is treated next. This includes a detailed listing of all known teachers of law in the period examined. …


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