Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Theophilus of Antioch. the Life and Thought of a Second-Century Bishop

Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Theophilus of Antioch. the Life and Thought of a Second-Century Bishop

Article excerpt

Theophilus of Antioch. The Life and Thought of a Second-Century Bishop. By Rick Rogers. (Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books. 2000. Pp. vii, 193. $55.00.)

Is there really a Life of Theophilus apart from the Writings (chapters 1-2)? One needs more about his literary habits, and while Professor Rogers, author of this interesting study, says,"it is fun to notice how Theophilus insistently claims that pagan thinkers are often, what I would call,`ideological kleptomaniacs"' (p. 134), he seems to neglect Theophilus' own reliance on anthologies with slight reference to primary texts, except for some Homer and Hesiod, possibly a little Plato, and some minor specialties. Jerome's judgment on his books as edifying (p. 8) proves little since he had not read them.

For his ideas about creation one might compare Tertullian Against Hermogenes, based on Theophilus, because the Genesis text is essentially the same (Tertullian also used Theophilus in Apology 19). On Christology one can still consult R. V Sellers, Eustathius of Antiocb (Cambridge University Press, 1928), p. 58 n.2, on the Doctrinal Statement of Sardica (Theodoret HE 2.8). There are also similarities in Hippolytus, Refutation of All Heresies, where as in Theophilus there is no "genuine Trinitarian doctrine" and the Logos is identified as both the will of the Father and his voice (Marcovich, Hippolytus [PTr 25, 1986], 42-43). …

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