Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Arte Sanjuanista En Castilla Y Leon: Las Encomiendas De la Guarena Y Su Entorno Geo-Historico

Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Arte Sanjuanista En Castilla Y Leon: Las Encomiendas De la Guarena Y Su Entorno Geo-Historico

Article excerpt

Arte Sanjuanista en Castilla yLe6n: Las Encomiendas de la Guaren"ay su entorno geo-hist6rico. By Olga Perez Monzon. ([Madrid?]: Junta de Castilla y Le6n, Consejeria de Educacion y Cultura. 1999. Pp. 271; many unnumbered illustrations.)

The provincial art of the military orders has attracted little attention. This excellent work is devoted to a relatively minor topic but it provides an outstanding methodological model. The author follows other recent scholars in finding that, apart from the major centers of an Ordensstaat such as those on Hospitaller Rhodes or in Teutonic Prussia, the military orders largely adapted regional styles and local iconographies without developing a significant characteristic art of their own. Indeed, they themselves did not necessarily construct many of their castles, churches, and other buildings. There was little sign in the art of the Castilian Hospitallers of influences from Jerusalem, Rhodes, or Malta.

This study, which concerns a strictly limited geographical area, is divided into two parts, supplemented by detailed notes, bibliographies, maps, and illustrations. The second part is a well-documented catalogue, which is based on extensive archival research and topographical investigations, of the history, buildings, and other aspects of each encomienda or commandery in the region. The historical information, town plans, and photographs which it contains form the basis for the discussions in the shorter opening section of the book, which begins with a clear historical survey of the development of the Hospital in Castile. …

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