Academic journal article Social Security Bulletin

Determination Allows Payment of U.S. Social Security Benefits to Latvian Citizens

Academic journal article Social Security Bulletin

Determination Allows Payment of U.S. Social Security Benefits to Latvian Citizens

Article excerpt

Prior to July 1968, U.S. Treasury restrictions prohibited the release of U.S. Government checks to, or on behalf of, individuals in the U.S.S.R., including the Baltic countries of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. When the Treasury restrictions were lifted, the Social Security Administration (SSA) determined that it should not pay benefits until SSA was assured of free access to beneficiaries and vital statistics records in those countries. Although the United States did not recognize the forcible incorporation of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania into the former U.S.S.R., the Soviet Union occupied those territories and enforced its laws there. Thus, SSA treated the Baltics as part of the U.S.S.R. with respect to nonpayment of Social Security benefits. As a result of the United States' recognition of the independence of the Baltics in September 1991 and the dissolution of the U.S.S.R. in January 1992, SSA must regard each republic separately under the alien nonpayment provisions of the law, section 202(t)(2) of the Social Security Act. …

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