Academic journal article Texas International Law Journal

Introduction: The Life and Works of Hans Wolfgang Baade

Academic journal article Texas International Law Journal

Introduction: The Life and Works of Hans Wolfgang Baade

Article excerpt


Ladies and Gentlemen,

We have come to praise Hans Baade not to bury him. The occasion of his transfer to modified service is an occasion for praise and celebration, and, I am sure, it will mark a new phase in his long and prolific career as a university teacher and as a legal consultant whose academic work has had a tangible impact on the decisions of many courts. My own praise and admiration is, in fact, for three things that come together in a most felicitous manner in Hans's life.

The first is the life itself

Hans Wolfgang Baade was born in Berlin on 16 December 1929 to Fritz Baade, an economist by training, and Edith Wolff of German-Jewish stock. A year before Hans's birth, his father had been elected to the Reichstag as a Representative for Magdeburg-a political career that was to last for only five years since he lost his seat when he voted against the Enabling Act of 23 March 1933.1 The same year also saw his mother's position as a correspondent of the Borsencourier terminated because of her Jewish background. The clouds were gathering in Europe and over the Baade family. The years that followed were thus to be difficult for them all. Nineteen thirty-four found the family in Turkey, where Fritz Baade had managed to secure a position as an adviser to the Turkish Ministry of Agriculture. Hans's early schooling was done at a German private school in Ankara until the family moved to Istanbul in 1939 when Hans joined a Turkish primary school and then, a year later, a German high school. The foundations of his long affection for that country were by now firmly laid, and they were reinforced by his growing knowledge of its complex history and language. The school years came to a halt when his family was interned (because of their German nationality) when Turkey broke off relations with Germany in 1944. Their internment was in central Anatolia-an environment far removed from his early Berlin ambiance. His adaptation to it was made only slightly easier by the one recreation that was, apparently, allowed to him: riding on horseback over the harsh terrain of his forced exile. But Hans's German background would not accept even internment as a reason for terminating education. By necessity, however, it was provided at home by his future brother-in-law, who was also interned in the same place as his family, and his father, who insisted that Hans ought to learn something about horticulture. The internment was mercifully brief and by 1945 Hans was back in Istanbul, where he was completing his formal education at Robert College, the local American school.

Though the War was over by now, the peripatetic lifestyle that it had generated for the Baade family was not to cease for another ten years. The family's first move was to Forest Hills, New York, which gave Hans the opportunity to attend Syracuse University in New York, state from which he graduated in 1947 with a B.A. in political science. The move was to be a crucial one for Hans for it exposed him to the American educational system, its tolerant values, and the great opportunities its immense material resources offer to the searching mind. In 1949 he rejoined his family in Kiel, Germany (where his father had returned as Director of the Institute of World Economics) in order to write his German doctoral dissertation. The Korean War brought Hans back to the United States. He served in a military intelligence unit of the United States Army from 1951 through 1953. Demobilized in 1953, Hans enrolled at the Duke University School of Law where, by 1955, he had earned an LL.B. and an LL.M. The next year he attended The Hague Academy of International Law in the Netherlands and added another diploma to his growing collection of academic qualifications. But the pull of his homeland had not weakened, so he once more returned to Kiel in 1955 as Wissenschaftlicher Assistent at the Institute of International Law. He was promoted Privatdozent (or as we would call it in the United States, an Associate Professor) in 1960. …

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