Academic journal article The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies

From White Australia to Woomera: The Story of Australian Immigration

Academic journal article The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies

From White Australia to Woomera: The Story of Australian Immigration

Article excerpt

From White Australia to Woomera: The Story of Australian Immigration

James Jupp

Cambridge University Press, 2002

Australia sits virtually alone, not far beyond the myriad islands of Indonesia, a country which was once almost wholly populated by Whites, cut off though they were from the Europe by literally billions of Asians. Presiding over a population of a mere 16 million, with a fertility rate below replacement level, the Whitlam government in 1973 declared that Australia would henceforth end its historic White Australia policy and admit future immigrants without account of race, color or nationality. The fact that immediately to its north, virtually all routes to Eurasia from Australia were blocked by Indonesia, with its dense population of some 200 million, and a fertility rate that added close to a quarter of a million more people every year, had once tended to bolster the White Australia policy. But in the minds of those more fearful of what they regard as an inevitable human deluge, the proximity of Indonesia now served to militate against that policy.

James Jupp, director of the Centre for Immigration and Multicultural Studies at Australian National University, is a proponent of the new policy that is rapidly converting Australia into a multi-racial society, and is thus a person well-qualified to tell the reader what has happened. …

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