Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict

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ABBREVIATIONS

AFP, Agence France Presse

Al-Jazeera, Aljazeera.net

AN, ArabicNews.com

AP, Associated Press

BBC, www.bbc.co.uk

CNN

The Daily Star

DAWN

Financial Times

The Guardian

GN, Gulf News

Haaretz

JT, Jordan Times

MEO, Middle East Online

NYT, New York Times

RFE, Radio Free Europe

Reuters

TT, Tehran Times

VOA, Voice of America

WP, Washington Post

Zaman

See also Palestinian Affairs, Israel

Apr. 21: Israeli authorities released nine Jordanian prisoners accused of crimes related to the Palestinian uprising, as part of a pledge to improve ties between the two countries. The prisoner release followed the return of the Jordanian ambassador to Tel Aviv in February 2005, after an absence of nearly four years. [BBC, 4/21]

Apr. 29: During his first visit to the Occupied Territories, Russian President Vladimir Putin offered military and security assistance to the Palestinian Authority, in a bid to re-energize Russia's role in the Middle East and in the peace process. Putin pledged to help re-build Gaza's economy, train security services, and supply the PA with Russian-built helicopters. [BBC, 4/29]

May 4: A plan to transfer the West Bank towns of Qalqilya, Ramallah and Bethlehem from Israeli to Palestinian control was delayed. The transfer was part of a February 2005 agreement between Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and Palestinian President Mahmud 'Abbas. Israel blamed the delay on the Palestinians, and said they had not fulfilled their commitment to collect weapons from militants. [BBC, 5/4]

May 9: Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon confirmed that the withdrawal of Israeli troops and settlers from the Gaza Strip would be delayed until August 2005. The original date for starting the removal was July 25. The delay was meant to avoid the traditional Jewish mourning period of Tisha Be Av. [BBC, 5/9]

May 13: Israeli forces and Hizbullah militants exchanged fire in the Sheb'a Farms border area. It was the heaviest exchange in months between Israel and the Lebanese group. Hizbullah claims the Sheb 'a Farms area is occupied Lebanese territory, but Israel, backed by the UN, says the farms are on the Syrian side of the border, and so are part of the Golan Heights, which it has occupied since 1967. [Al-Jazeera, 5/13]

May 15: The Israeli cabinet approved a 12-month extension of a controversial law preventing Palestinians married to Arab Israelis from obtaining Israeli citizenship. The legislation disqualifies Palestinians from the West Bank or Gaza Strip from gaining Israeli nationality through marriage. [Al-Jazeera, 5/15]

May 18: An Israeli aircraft launched a rocket at Hamas members about to fire mortars at the Gush Katif Jewish settlement in the southern Gaza Strip. It was the first time Israel fired a rocket at Palestinian militants since a ceasefire was declared in February 2005. [BBC, 5/18]

May 30: The leaders of Jerusalem's Greek Orthodox Church appointed Archbishop Cornelios as a temporary substitute for Patriarch Irineos, who was entangled in a row over the sale of church land in East Jerusalem to Jewish investors. Palestinians feared the land could be used to build a Jewish settlement. Patriarch Irineos was the religious head of 100,000 Christians in the Holy Land, most of them Palestinian. [BBC, 5/30]

June 2: Israel released 398 Palestinian prisoners, completing the deal forged between Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and Palestinian President Mahmud 'Abbas in February to free 900 Palestinian prisoners. The Israeli government stressed that none of those released were involved in anti-Israeli attacks. Palestinians asserted the need for Israel to free more of the 7,500 Palestinian prisoners that remained in Israeli jails. [BBC, 6/2]

June 7: Marwah Kamil, head of the armed wing of Islamic Jihad in the West Bank town of Jenin, was killed in a gun battle that erupted after Israeli troops entered the town of Qabatiya, near Jenin, in an arrest raid. …