Academic journal article The Middle East Journal

Chronology: Sudan

Academic journal article The Middle East Journal

Chronology: Sudan

Article excerpt

Apr. 27: The first deployment of a UN peacekeeping mission in Sudan began with the arrival of 12 Nepalese soldiers and equipment in the west of the country. The soldiers were part of an eventual deployment of 10,000 peacekeeping troops, military observers, and civilian police being sent to help shore up a peace deal signed in January, which ended more than two decades of civil war in Sudan's south. [Reuters, 4/28]

Apr. 29: The African Union agreed to double its peacekeeping presence in the western province of Darfur. There were only about 2,200 AU troops on the ground in Darfur, and the objective was to increase force strength to 7,700 by September. The conflict in Darfur had left 180,000 dead and 2 million homeless. [BBC, 4/29]

May 17: Foreign Minister Mustafa 'Uthman Isma'il said stalled peace talks between the Sudanese government and rebels from Darfur were set to resume in the Nigerian capital Abuja. The breakthrough was announced at an African Union summit on Darfur held in the Libyan capital, Tripoli. A representative of the Justice and Equality Movement, Tajeddin Bashir Nyam, said they welcomed the move. [BBC, 5/17]

May 28: UN Secretary General Kofi Annan visited Darfur as part of his visit to Sudan. Thousands greeted him as he toured a refugee camp and a burnt-out town that survivors said had been bombed by the government. Annan also visited the Kalma refugee camp, near the town of Nyala. [BBC, 5/26]

June 6: The International Criminal Court announced an inquiry into alleged war crimes in the Darfur region. The Hague court's Chief Prosecutor, Luis Moreno Ocampo, said it would be the ICC's biggest investigation. Ocampo's announcement came two months after the violence in Darfur was referred to the ICC following a vote by the UN security Council. It the first time the council had referred a case to the ICC. [BBC, 6/6]

June 10: Peace talks between the Sudanese government and rebel groups failed to begin due to disagreements about the talks' agenda and the composition of the mediating teams. Peace talks were due to resume in the Nigerian capital Abuja following a six-month break, but the Sudanese government objected to the inclusion of Eritrea among the mediators, while Darfur rebels did not want Chad to be involved. …

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