Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Early Modern European -- St. Gregory's College, Seville, 1592-1767 Edited by Martin Murphy

Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Early Modern European -- St. Gregory's College, Seville, 1592-1767 Edited by Martin Murphy

Article excerpt

St. Gregory's College Seville, 1592-1767. Edited by Martin Murphy.

Catholic Record Society Publications (Record Series), Volume 73.

(Available from William Dawson and Sons Ltd., Cannon House, Park Road, Folkestone, Kent CT19 1SW, England. 1992. Pp. viii, 223. $43.00.)

"This well researched volume provides much valuable information concerning a relatively little-known English college in Andalucia. Founded by Robert Persons during the last decade of the Elizabethan war against Spain, when Seville was the commercial center of a grand overseas empire, this college was dedicated (along with others in Douai, Rome, Valladolid and later Lisbon) to preparing priests to minister to the embattled Catholic community at home. For its first half-century St. Gregory's reputation flourished and attracted students drawn by the city's cultural ambience and its proximity to the Spanish Jesuit faculty at the college of St. Hermenegild. It benefited particularly by the generosity of the municipal and diocesan leadership as well as of merchants and local aristocrats. However, after the 1640's the college's finances were jeopardized when the Andalucian economy plunged into a deep depression, while the English civil war and the piracy and naval warfare of the Atlantic made the difficult voyage to Seville far more perilous than usual, so that enrollment faltered badly. "By 1693 the college ceased to be English in all but name." For the next twenty years, it received no students from the British Isles and later, from 1710 to 1767, "St. Gregory's was defacto an Irish College," as Ireland sent a small but regular number of students while England did not. …

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