Academic journal article Southeast Asian Affairs

Untaet

Academic journal article Southeast Asian Affairs

Untaet

Article excerpt

By 25 October, the Security Council passed Resolution 1272 to empower Secretary-General Kofi Annan to set up the U.N. Transitional Authority in East Timor (UNTAET) in order to "to exercise all legislative and executive authority including the administration of justice" until formal independence. The mission is to be placed under the authority of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Sergio Vieira de Mello of Brazil. A U.N. peacekeeping force will formally replace INTERFET under the command of Lieutenant-General Jaime de los Santos of the Philippines. The United Nations authorized a force of 8,950 troops, 200 military observers, and a 1,640-strong contingent of civilian police. UNTAET is empowered to "take all necessary measures" to fulfil its mandate, which includes the delivery of assistance, reconstruction of infrastructure, and the creation of democratic institutions. At the time of writing, the budget and method of financing the operation had not been determined.

The biggest initial problem towards resolving the current conflict is the status of the pro-autonomy East Timorese. In the wake of the post-ballot violence, the pro-autonomy camp came up with a proposal which would divide East Timor into eight regencies. The three eastern regencies would be allowed to have independence while the remaining five would have autonomy within Indonesia. …

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