Academic journal article Southeast Asian Affairs

Rice

Academic journal article Southeast Asian Affairs

Rice

Article excerpt

Rice exports are a legal monopoly of Myanmar Agricultural Produce Trading (MAPT), a government-owned enterprise under the control of the Ministry of Commerce. In 1999, Myanmar's rice exports received f.o.b. prices of between US$200 and US$220 per metric ton. These were relatively low average prices, compared with exports from neighbouring countries, such as Thailand, reflecting the generally low quality of rice available for export from Myanmar. To see the degree of taxation of rice exports implicit in the rice export monopoly, it is necessary to compare the above f.o.b. prices with domestic prices of rice of similar quality.

Domestic farm gate prices of export-quality rice currently average around 500 kyat per basket of paddy. Around eighty baskets of paddy produce 1 metric ton of milled rice, so this farm gate price is equivalent to 40,000 kyat per metric ton. The MAPT reports that transport, milling, and handling costs for delivery to the port are equivalent to 4,400 kyat per metric ton, bringing the domestic price, landed at the port and comparable to the f. …

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