Academic journal article Southeast Asian Affairs

Weak Executive-Legislative Team Up

Academic journal article Southeast Asian Affairs

Weak Executive-Legislative Team Up

Article excerpt

Even though the ruling party was able to gain a majority in the House of Representatives, largely through post-election defections, and hold the post of Speaker, the Executive has not been very successful in pushing for legislative reforms needed for economic restructuring. This has been blamed on an apparent lack of appreciation on the part of the President of the role of the legislature in the reform process.3 The weak leadership in the House of Representatives under House Speaker Manuel Villar, a defector to Estrada's Laban ng Masang Pilipino (LAMP) party, compounded the problem for the Executive. In contrast, the Ramos administration had forged a tight relationship with Congress through his LAKAS-NUCD partymates led by former House Speaker and unsuccessful presidential candidate Jose de Venecia.

Only nine laws of significance had been enacted as of November 1999, and one on economic reform was passed in December amid opposition from nationalist sectors. This is the retail trade liberalization law which allows foreigners to own and operate retail stores in the country with a capitalization of at least P100 million. Bills on the overhaul of the tax system, strengthening the supervision of the stock market and banks, and the controversial privatization of the power sector remain pending. …

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