Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

An Examination of Congruence between Psychological Counselor Candidate's Self-Concept and Vocational Self-Concept: A Longitudinal Study

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

An Examination of Congruence between Psychological Counselor Candidate's Self-Concept and Vocational Self-Concept: A Longitudinal Study

Article excerpt


The purpose of this study was to examine whether there was a difference in the degree of congruence between self and occupational-self concepts of counselor candidates at different class grades. The theoretic bases of this study was based on the Super's Self concept Theory (1957; 1963a; b; c). The sample of the study consisted of 52 (24 female and 28 male) counselor candidates. This research was longitudinal in nature. The Adjective List (Bacanli, 2003) is used for collecting the data. Kappa statistical technique was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the degree of congruence between self concept and occupational-self concept was significant at first, second, third, and forth grades. However, the results indicated that there is no significant difference in the degrees of congruence between self and occupational self concept across students' class levels. These results supported the Super's Self Concept Theory. The results were discussed in relation to relevant literature. Suggestions were given for future studies and the limitations of the study were discussed.

Key Words

Self-concept, Occupational Self-concept, Longitudinal Study, Psychological Counselor.

Self-concept is a person's picture of himself/herself and the perceived self with accrued meanings (Super, 1963b). According to Rogers (1951), self-concept is the most significant determinant of a person's behaviors. Super (1957; 1963a; 1963b) has proposed that a career choice is also determined by self-concept. Based on self-concept, Super (1951; 1963a; 1963b; 1963c) has developed the self-concept theory. In expressing a vocational preference, a person puts his idea of the kind of person he is into occupational terminology; that in entering an occupation, he seeks to implement a concept of himself (Super, 1951).

According to the self-concept theory, one can view vocational choice as an expression of self-concepts formulated and reformulated throughout the life stages. People differ both in their self-concepts and in the ways in which they translate self-concepts into occupational terms. Hence, people choose different occupations (Starishevsky & Martin, 1963).

Implicit in the central idea of translation is recognition, for purposes of analysis, of two realms or languages: an area of psychological statements and an area of occupational terms. Self-concepts being expressible in psychological terms are in the first area. They consist of all statements in psychological terms that the subject is willing to make about him/her or others. A person's understanding of himself/ herself cannot develop without a comparison or construction with others. Self-concepts are verbalized in a series of statements in which the self or another person is the grammatical subject and a psychological variable the predicate such as "I am intelligent." Both the statements asserted and the statements denied, being couched in terms meaningful to the speaker, are the part of the language or psychological terminology called for simplicity psychological talk (Starishevsky & Matlin, 1963).

The main assumption of the self-concept theory concerns the relationship between statements in these two realms. First, it is asserted that any statement in occupational talk made by a particular person can be translated into a statement or series of statements in that person's psychological talk (Starishevsky & Matlin, 1963). For example, "I want to be a counselor" might mean "I am socially minded", "I am sensitive", or "I am interested in helping to people".

The second assumption of the self-concept theory is that occupational self-concept, which is defined as occupational statements, is at least in part, an incorporation of the self-concept. In other words, any statement that a subject is willing to make implies a translation of a psychological talk which is a part of his psychological self-concept. Of course occupational self-concept may include some parts which are not the part of the psychological self-concept. …

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