Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

American -- A History of the Poles in America to 1908, Part II: The Poles in Illinois by Waclaw Kruszka, Edited with an Introduction by James S. Pula and Translated by Krystyna Janowski

Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

American -- A History of the Poles in America to 1908, Part II: The Poles in Illinois by Waclaw Kruszka, Edited with an Introduction by James S. Pula and Translated by Krystyna Janowski

Article excerpt

A History of the Poles in America to 1908, Part II: The Poles In Illinois. By Waclaw Kruszka. Edited with an Introduction by James S. Pula; translated by Krystyna Janowski. (Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press. 1994. Pp. x, 288. $54.95.)

This is the second volume of the translation of Father Kruszka on the history of Poles in the United States. It is one of a small number of works which have moved from the status of a secondary to a primary source. In their reconfiguration of the original thirteen volumes, the editors have taken the reasonable course of concentrating the extensive and somewhat scattered material on Illinois into a single book.

As a priest, Kruszka chose to focus on the ethnic parishes, which were in fact central to the development of American Polonia. This work is largely a study of the huge parish of St. Stanislaus Kostka in Chicago, the mother church of Chicago Polonia and for a quarter-century under the strong-willed cue of Father Vincent Barzynski (Wincenty Barzynski), C.R. Kruszka's language describing the Resurrectionist's acquisition pastoral authority in 1874 "like an eagle stalking its chosen prey" (p. 53) exemplifies both his rhetoric and attitude toward a priest whom he at once admired and at times contested on issues central to Polonia. The Wisconsin cleric describes at length instances of the rivalry of order versus secular priests in the rapidly growing Chicago archdiocese, a situation he interprets as one in which Resurrectionist ambition hindered service to the laity. …

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