The authors summarize the career counseling and development literature that appeared during 2000 in refereed journals, book chapters, and full-length books. The review of literature is divided into 5 major categories: (a) theoretical and conceptual advances, (b) career counseling and development of identified populations, (c) assessment in career counseling and development, (d) career counseling programs and interventions, and (e) resources for the professional development of career counselors and vocational psychologists.
We have always admired and appreciated the time, energy, and effort that authors of The Career Development Quarterly annual review have expended to provide readers with a comprehensive, yet succinct, summary of literature. After completing the task of writing this year's review, we have developed an increased awareness regarding the various challenges associated with the preparation of an article that attempts to summarize an entire year's worth of published literature in a particular field.
Our review of practice and research in career counseling and development for 2000 includes a review of relevant articles that appeared in our field's primary journals, including The Career Development Quarterly, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Journal of Career Development, and the Career Planning and Adult Development Journal, as well as in journals that are central to the practice of counseling (e.g., the Journal of Counseling & Development, Journal of Counseling Psychology, and The Counseling Psychologist). To ensure that our review of articles in these journals was exhaustive, we conducted hand searches (i.e., manual searches) of each issue of these journals published during 2000 rather than relying on the electronic database search systems that are typically used to obtain a list of relevant articles. Similarly, we conducted manual searches of several other journals that periodically include articles of relevance to career development practitioners and vocational psychologists. We made a particular effort to conduct searches of international journals and journals that many career counselors and vocational psychologists tend not to read on a regular basis. Finally, in an effort to locate other publications from 2000 that have particular relevance to career counseling and development, we conducted ERIC and PsycINFO database searches using the key terms career and vocational (for the ERIC search) and the subject headings career development and occupational guidance (for the PsycINFO search).
As in previous annual reviews of literature (e.g., Arbona, 2000b; Young & Chen, 1999), we were forced to place some initial limitations on the scope of our review while simultaneously being true to our goal of providing readers with an informative, useful, integrative review of last year's publications. On the basis of these somewhat competing factors, we decided to focus our review on articles, chapters, and books that have direct relevance to the primary work in which career counselors and vocational psychologists are routinely engaged. As a result, several of the topics traditionally germane to the fields of industrial/organizational psychology, human resources, and personnel psychology are not summarized in this review. Included in the list of topics that are not covered are executive coaching, organizational change, career plateaus, sexual harassment and sex discrimination in the workplace, job stress, job burnout, job/work/ career satisfaction, absenteeism, career management, organizational mentoring, workplace adjustment, career/organizational commitment, employee productivity, attitudes toward affirmative action, job performance evaluations and appraisals, and employee selection.
Although we initially planned to include publications that addressed career development programs in the workplace and the rising interest in corporate career centers, space limitations deterred us from doing so. …