Academic journal article European Journal of Sustainable Development

Regional Disparities in Slovakia and the Czech Republic in the Context of Sustainable Growing of Energy Plants

Academic journal article European Journal of Sustainable Development

Regional Disparities in Slovakia and the Czech Republic in the Context of Sustainable Growing of Energy Plants

Article excerpt

Introduction

Safety, stability and efficiency of EU's energy infrastructure are prerequisites for sustainable operation and development of the economy. In accordance with Article 3 point 1 Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, member states are obliged to ensure that the share of energy from renewable energy sources in final gross energy consumption in 2020 represented its national overall target for the energy share from renewable energy sources. Renewable energy plays key role in the long-term strategy of the European Commission, as is outlined in its Energy Roadmap 2050 (COM(2011)0885). European Commission in its announcement from 2012 entitled Renewable energy: a major player in the European energy market (COM(2012)0271) has set out the areas that must intensify effort till 2020 in order to increase energy production from the EU renewable sources till 2030, as in following years and make technologies of renewable energy sources less expensive, more competitive and ultimately market oriented.

In terms of the sustainable energy enters the foreground close link between energy and climate change. Biomass area is in the context of the sustainable energetics and energy closely linked with the rural development and dynamically developing sector of bioenergy.

Sustainable Development Indicator - Climate Change and Energy

The aim of the EU Strategy for sustainable development (COM(2011)0264) is to ensure high level of environmental protection, social equity and cohesion, economic prosperity and active promotion of sustainable development worldwide. Among these key linkages exist many connections - use of renewable energy sources and climate change, climate change and poverty, poverty and use of environmentally sensitive technologies and procedures and so on.

To measure progress towards the strategy were set indicators of sustainable development. Indicators of sustainable development at European Union level are expressed in 10 basic topics that every (except last one) has defined so called main (headline) indicator, followed by several other indicators. In EU sustainable development strategy is the issue of the energy one of the priorities. In most countries are adopted energy saving policies and incentive development of technologies for renewable energy sources.

Strategy Europe 2020 (COM(2010)2020) is a ten-year strategy in the area of employment and growth, that is divided into five basic targets. One of them is the climate change and energy sustainability. Within this target is determined the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20% compared to 1990, increase the share of renewable energy to 20% and achieve 20% increase in energy efficiency.

The EU and most member states achieve steady progress to meet targets in 2020 - in 2014 in the context of the gross final energy consumption achieved the expected share of 15.3% (Figure 1). Due to expected trends in following years, some member states will have to intensify their effort and use cooperation mechanisms with other member states in order to make progress. Slovakia has set 14% target and the Czech Republic 13% target for the share of renewable energy sources by 2020.

Diversification of renewable energy sources use - biomass

In terms of production of renewable energy sources from biomass the availability of raw materials is significant aspect (e.g. Scarlat et al., 2010), as well as conditions of the sustainability of the affected natural resources in relation to increasing effective land use and inputs, with respect to necessary capacities to ensure food production (e.g. Bringezu et al., 2009). Renewable energy from biomass grown on agricultural land is worldwide discussed and evaluated issue, complexly in the works of Clifton-Brown et al. (2011), Hill et al. (2009), Dohleman et al. (2010) and Smeets & Faaij (2010). …

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